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Anatomy Vocab #3

Anatomy/Physiology Vocabulary Words 51-75

A type of body structure in which bisection through the vertebral column and the breast bone results in two halves which are mirror images of each other. Bilateral Symmetry
The ability to see an object with both eyes simultaneously. Binocular Vision
The chemistry of the tissues; physiological chemistry. Biochemistry
The region of the retina that is insensitive to light because it has no rods and cones. Blind Spot
The circulating tissue of the body. Blood
The smallest of the blood solids, which aid in the formation of a blood clot. Blood Platelets
The pressure exerted by flowing blood on the walls of an artery. Blood Pressure
A ball of food which passes along the digestive canal. Bolus
A relatively hard, porous substance containing a high percentage of calcium and phosphorus salts. Bone
The fatty tissue lying within the central cavity of much of the osseous tissue. Bone Marrow
The gas law which deals with the relation of pressure to volume of a gas. Boyle's Law
The part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium of the skull. Brain
Structurally, the lowest part of the brain. It is composed of the pons, midbrain (thalamus and hypothalamus) and the medulla oblongata. Brain Stem
Movement of small particles which results from their bombardment by smaller invisible particles. Brownian Movement
An action made by any substance in a fluid tending to decrease the change in hydrogen ion concentration. Buffering
A sac of fluid between the bones of a joint. Bursae
An inflammation of a bursae, frequently accompanied by the formation of calcium salts in the cavity. Bursitis
Any thickening of a tissue resulting from the normal growth of cells. Callus
The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1,000 grams of water one degree centigrade. Calorie
A device to measure heat production. Calorimeter
A minute blood vessel that arises from an artery and joins with other small vessels to form a vein. Capillary
A chemical compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with hydrogen and oxygen in the ratio of 2:1 Carbohydrate
A branching, lightly striated type of muscle found only in the heart. Cardiac Muscle
A flexible supporting tissue composed of a nonliving matrix within which are the living cartilage cells. Cartilage
Those processes occurring with living cells that result in the breaking down of protoplasm and the release of energy. Catabolism
Created by: ksalazar



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