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A & P Lab #1

Exercise 2 of Lab book

QuestionAnswer
supine when lying on back in anatomical position
prone when lying face down in anatomical position
superior above
inferior below, belly
anterior front or forward
posterior back or behind
dorsal refers to the back
ventral refers to the belly
cranial toward the head
caudal toward the tail
medial describes a structure as being closer to the body's midline or permanently between two structures
lateral describes a structure farther away from the midline or permanently to the side of a structure
proximal refers to parts near another structure
distal describes structures that are distant from other structures
superficial refers to parts on or close to the surface
deep underneath an upper layer
cephalon head
cervicis neck
thoracis thorax, or chest
axilla armpit
brachium arm
antecubitis elbow
antebrachium forearm
carpus wrist
manus hand
abdomen belly
lumbus loin
gluteus buttock
pelvis hip
pubis anterior pelvis
inguen groin
femur thigh
popliteus back of knee
crus anterior leg
sura calf
tarsus ankle
pes foot
planta sole
frontal forehead
nasal nose
ocular, orbital eye
otic ear
buccal cheek
cervical neck
thoracic chest
mammary breast
umbilical navel
pelvic pelvis
manual hand
inguinal groin
pubic pubis
femoral thigh
pedal foot
hallux great toe
digits(phalanges) toes, fingers
tarsal ankle
cural leg
patellar kneecap
pollex thumb
palmar palm
carpal wrist
antebrachial forearm
antecubital front of elbow
brachial arm
axillary armpit
mental chin
oral mouth
cranial skull
facial face
calcaneal heel of foot
olecranal back of elbow
dorsal back
cranial cavity the space within the oval cranium of the skull that encases and protects the brain
spinal cavity a long slender canal that passes through the veterbral column
meninges a protective three-layered membrane that connects the brain and the spinal cord
ventral body cavity, coelom the entire space of the body trunk anterior to the vertebral column and posterior to the sternum and the abdominal muscle wall
thoracic a subdivision of the ventral cavity holding the lungs and heart
abdominopelvic cavity a subdiision of the ventral cavity, encasing the abdomen and pelvic regions
serous membrane a fluid encasing of each organ to prevent friction and abrasion on the organ surface
mediastinum a subdivision of the thoracic cavity,holding the mass of organs separting the pleural cavities
pleural cavities a subdivision of the thoracic cavity, each one of these cavities holds one lung
pericardium a subdivision of the mediastinum, holds the heart
abdominal cavity contains most of the digestive organs
pelvic cavity a small cavity enclosed by the pelvic girdle of the hips, contains reproductive as well as parts of the large intestine, rectum and urinary bladder
visceral layer the layer of the double-layered serous membrane that is directly attached to the organ
parietal layer superficial to the visceral layer and lines the wall of the body cavity
serous fluid lies between the visceral and parietal layer and acts as a lubricant that reduces friction
pericardium the name for the serous membrane which encloses the heart
parietal pericardium the outer layer of the serous membrane attached to the pericardium walls which holds the heart
visceral pericardium the inner layer of the serous membrane of the heart
pleura the name of the serous membrane of the lungs, there is one of these per lung
parietal pleura the outer layer of the serous membrane of the lungs that lines the thoracic walls
visceral pleura the inner layer of the serous membrane of the lungs
peritoneum the serous membrane of the abdomen, encasing most of the digestive organs
parietal peritoneum contains many folds that wrap around and attach to the abdominal organs to the posterior abdominal wall
visceral peritoneum the portion of the serous membrane that lines the organ surfaces
peritoneal cavity the space between the parietal and visceral peritoneal layers
retroperitoneal include the kidneys located behind and outside the peritoneum
Created by: kshaye17