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Ch. 12 Vocabulary

alliance an agreement among people or nations to unite for a common cause
Cold War after WWII, a period of political noncooperation between the members of NATO and the Warsaw Pact nations, during which these countries refused to trade or cooperate with each other
colonialism a system by which a country maintains colonies outside its borders
dual monarchy a form of government in which one ruler governs two nations
circumnavigate to sail completely around
czar in Russia, an emperor
labor force a pool of available workers
Reformation the 16th century movement to change the practices of the Roman Catholic Church
fjord a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea located between steep cliffs
empire a nation or group of teritories ruled by a single powerful leader or emperor
guild an organization for establishing wages, prices, and workers' rights
philosopher a person who studies and thinks about why the world is the way it is