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Behavioral Neurosci

Hormones and the Brain (Ch 5)

Autocrine Referring to a signal that is secreted by a cell into its environment and that feeds back to the same cell
Paracrine Referring to cellular communication in which a chemical signal diffuses to nearby target cells through the intermediate extracellular site
Allomone A chemical signal that is released outside the body by one species and affects the behavior of other species
Neurosecretory/Neuroendocrine A neuron that releases hormones into local or systematic circulation
3 categories of hormones Protein hormone, amine hormones, steroid hormones
Protein hormones/peptide hormones A class of hormones which consist of a string of amino acids
Amine Hormones/Monoamine hormones A class of hormones each composed of a single amino acid that has been modified into a related molecule
Steroid Hormones A class of hormones each of which is composed of four interconnected rings of carbon atoms
nongenomic effect an effect of a steroid hormone that is not mediated by direct changes in gene expression
Tropic hormones A class of anterior pituitary hormones that affect the secretion of other endocrine glands
Releasing hormones A class of hormones produced in the hypothalamus that traverse the hypothalamic-pituitary portal system to control the pituitary's release of tropic hormones
Cretinism Reduced stature and intellectual disability caused by thyroid deficiency during early development
Created by: 586065465
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