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genetics vocab/DNA structure

genetics the study of variation and heredity
heredity the study of traits that are passed on from parents to children
inherit to receive a characteristic from a parent
characteristic a distinguishable feature of a person
trait the specific and notable feature or quality in a person
chromosome carries the genes that determine heredity
gene a section of DNA that occupies a specific place on a particular chromosome. Each gene influences the inheritance and development of some characteristics
helix a twisted structure such as a spiral staircase. DNA is a double stranded helix
genome the entire genetic code for a life form. the human genome is the set of genes that creates a human being
replication when a DNA molecule in a chromosome makes a copy of itself
Where cromosomes are found nucleus
where genes are found DNA
where DNA is found chromosomes
What do genes determine? traits
characteristics vs. traits characteristics are the ideas of eye color and hair type and traits are the specific types of characteristics like blue eyes or curly hair
How many parts are in the structure of DNA? 7
what does DNA stand for? deoxyribonucleic acid
What makes up the sides of DNA? deoxyribose sugar and phosphate group
nucleotide a deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate group, a nitrogen base (one rung on the ladder)
RNA (ribonucleic acid) carries DNA code from nucleus to ribosome, contains uracil instead of thymine
DNA blueprint/universal code for life
Created by: lydia.m.oconnell
Popular Genetics sets




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