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A&P123

Anatomy and Physiology

QuestionAnswer
Name the membrane that covers the surfaces of the lungs... Visceral Pleura
The outer layer of the heart is called... Visceral Pericardium
Name the membrane that covers organ surfaces in the abdominal cavity... Visceral Peritoneum
Name the membrane that lines the inner wall of the thoracic cavity... Parietal Pleura
What is the name of the sack around the heart? Parietal Pericardium
Name the membrane that lines the inner surface of the abdominal cavity... Parietal Peritoneum
A thick fluid that covers surfaces that empty out of the body... Mucous
A thin water-like fluid... Serous
Fluid between the lungs and wall of the pleural cavity is... Pleural Fluid
Fluid between heart and the sack that contains the heart... Pericardial Fluid
Examines the structure of body parts- their forms and organization... Anatomy
Considers the functions of body parts- what they do and how they do it... Physiology
A phrase used to look at the anatomy to understand the physiology... Structure dictates Function
Tendency of all living things to keep their internal conditions relatively stable... Homeostasis
Thin sheets of tissues found on surfaces... Membrane
Found on outer surface of organs... Visceral Membrane
Membranes that are a part of a cavity... Parietal Membrane
An individual living thing... Organism
A group of organs coordinated to carry on a specialized function... Organ system
Structure consisting of two or more tissues with a specialized function... Organ
Assembled group of similar cells that performs a specialized function... Tissue
Smallest basic unit of life... Cellular
A structure or compartment in cells that houses the biochemical reactions that carry out a specific function...mini- organs... Organelles
Consist of tiny particles called atoms which are composed of even smaller subatomic particles... Chemicals
The two largest cavities... Dorsal & Ventral
Which cavity is located toward the spine? Dorsal
Which cavity is located toward the lungs? Ventral
Standard position that we assume that the body is in when describing the body parts... Anatomical Position
Means a part of the body is above another part... Superior
Means a part of the body is below another part... Inferior
Means toward the front... Anterior (Ventral)
Means toward the back... Posterior (Dorsal)
Refers to an imaginary mid-line dividing the body into equal right and left halves... Medial
Means toward the side, away from mid-line... Lateral
Closer to a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part... Proximal
Particular body part is further from a point of attachment to the trunk... Distal
Means near the surface... Superficial
Describes the more internal parts... Deep
Refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions... Sagittal
If a sagittal section passes along the mid-line and divides the body into equal parts it is called median or... Midsagittal
Horizontal- refers to a cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions... Transverse
Coronal- refers to a section that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions... Frontal
Cuts straight across... Cross section
Cut along the length... Longitudinal Section
Cutting at an angle, all other cuts... Oblique Section
Which organ system is responsible for the production of body heat? Muscular System
How is the abdominal region divided up into regions and quadrants? 9 regions, 4 quadrants
What structure separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity? Diaphragm
Which system is the heart located in? Cardiovascular system
Lungs are located in which body system? Respiratory
Which body system contains the thyroid gland? Endocrine
Skin, hair, and nails are part of what body system? Integumentary
Bones, ligaments, and cartilage are part of what body system? Skeletal
Which system causes movement, maintains posture, and produces body heat? Muscular
The brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs are part of what body system? Nervous
Glands that secrete hormones such as pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal are part of what system? Endocrine
The pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal, and thymus are located in which body system? Endocrine
Which system controls metabolic activities of body structures? Endocrine
Which system moves blood through the blood vessels and transports substances throughout the body? Cardiovascular
Which system returns tissue fluid to the blood, carries certain absorbed food molecules, and defends the body against infection? Lymphatic
Which system receives,breaks down, and absorbs food? Digestive
Which system makes the exchange of gases between air and blood? Respiratory
The system that removes waste from blood, maintains water and electrolyte balance, and stores and transports urine is known as what system? Urinary
Created by: 724080452