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Cells Juniors

Identify the functions of a cell

Contain two centrioles Centrosome
Powerhouse of the cell Mitochondria
Contain digestive enzymes that digest and destroy old cells, bacteria and foreign material. "Suicide agent" Lysosomes
Aids in synthesis of protein Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
A semi-fluid inside the cell, outside of the nucleus Cytoplasm
Controls many cell activities, it is the "brain" of the cell Nucleus
Stores, produces and packages secretions for discharge from the cell Golgi Apparatus
It assists with cholesterol synthesis, fat metabolism, and detoxification of drugs Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Outer protective covering of the cell Cell membrane
Located in the nucleus and made of DNA & protein Chromatin
Condenses during mitosis to form chromosomes Chromatin
Pocket like folds in the cell membrane Pinocytic vesicles
The study of the processes of living organisms, or why & how they work Physiology
The study of the form and structure of organisms Anatomy
The study of how diseases occur Pathophysiology
Move from the nucleus to the cytoplasm where they aid in synthesis of protein Ribosomes
The basic structure of all life Protoplasm
Attach to Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes
Consists of two identical strands, called chromatids Chromosomes
Area where chromosomes are attached Centromeres
Condense during Mitosis to form rod like structures called? Chromosomes
Asexual reproduction Mitosis
Will break down stored food to a more use able form that can go to the mitochondria Maintain & repair cellular components Lysosomes
condensed into chromosomes during mitosis Chromatin
One copy of the duplicated chromosome Chromatid
constricted point at which the two chromatids forming the chromosome are joined together. centromere
What is a Chromatin called when it shrinks down? Chromatid
Why is the mitochondria called the power house It uses proteins, carbohydrates, fats and minerals to make energy( energy gives you power!)
What organ would you find smooth ER? Liver
How does the cell membrane allow some things in and some out? Because it is semi-permeable
In what phase does the centrioles form spindal fibers? Prophase
Created by: Ms. Blair



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