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AP European History

Renaissance

QuestionAnswer
Florentine possess ... position of tax collectors for papacy
Popolo common people heavily taxed, BITTER, wanted equality, use violence
Condottieri brought mercenaries to take control, lied about liability
signori son inherits rule from father
Italian city-states either ruled by signori or oligarchy
oglicharchs and signori turned homes to courts
Lorenzo Valla On The False Donation of Constantine- proves documents weakened foundation of papal claims
Giovanni Boccaccio The Decameron- describes ambitious merchants, friars, and cuckhold husbands portray sensual and worldly society
Desiderius Erasmus The Praise of Folly- satire of worldly wisdom and plea for simple and spontaneous Christian faith of children, critical edition of Greek New Testament
Themes in Desiderius Erasmus (2) 1. reform=improvement 2. Christianity=life
Machiavelli The Prince
5 Powers of Italian peninsula 1. Venice 2. Milan 3. Papal States 4. Kingdom of Florence 5. Kingdom of Naples
Medici Family wealthy bankers who have authority of Florence
Alberti On The Family
Castiglione The Courtier
Utopia describes ideal socialistic community on island in New World
1st artistic + literary manifestations of Italian Renaissance appeared where? Florence
Lorenzo The Magnificent wealthy merchant
Sistine Chapel depiction of Old Testament, god give life to Adam
Brunelleschi Dome
Michelangelo's known works Statue of David, St. Peter's dome
Conversos Jews converted to Christianity/New Christians
Moriscos Muslims converted to Christianity
Spanish Inquisition expulsion of Jews
Reconquista expulsion of Muslims
Concordot of Bologna pope receives 1st year income, mutual satisfactory agreement in France
Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges general council power over papacy
justices of peace unpaid local officials who fixed wages and moral behavior
Gabelle Salt tax
Taille Land tax
Jan Van Eyck Flemish painter of Northern Europe
Court of Star Chamber tortured nobles to confess
Hermandades groups in towns given authority to act as local police forces
Oligarchy small group that ruled city
Only form of distinct hierarchy Gender
Charles from France does this for the very first time Creates a professional royal army
Petrarch Father of Humanism
Byzantine Empire preserves all history
Constantine 1st Roman emperor to convert to Christianity
Philology study of root words
Mirandola humanist uses logic and reason
Why Italy was unique in the Western World (3) 1. urban 2. separated by city, not united country 3. change was good to urban people
Italy has access to ... Grecko-Roman Period
Created by: graciet