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GOV H Constituion

Constituion Test Questions

QuestionAnswer
1) What was the name of our first governing document? Why did it fail? a. Articles of Confederation b. Gave too much power to the states, leaving the national government with limited power National Government had no power to tax
2) What event signified that the Articles of Confederation had failed? a. Shays Rebellion
3) What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention? a. Create a new constitution to increase a strong national government
4) What was the Virginia Plan? a. Representation based on population
5) What was the New Jersey Plan? a. Equal Representation (2 per State)
6) How was the issue of congressional representation solved? a. Great Compromise-Connecticut Compromise Bicameral Legislature (House and Senate)
7) How was the congress originally elected? When, how and why did this change? a. State Elected by State Legislatures, but changed with 16th Amendment House elected by the people
8) What did the federalists want? a. More power to the National Government
9) What did the anti-federalists want? a. More power to the State Government
10) What is federalism? a. Political authority is divided between national and states
11) How many states had to ratify the constitution? a. 9/13
12) Define Popular Sovereignty a. Power in the People
13) What is discussed in the Preamble? What is its goal? a. Goals and Outlines the Constitution Ensures Liberty to all and Protects Democracy
14) What is discussed in Article I of the constitution? a. The Legislative Branch
15) How do we formally amend the constitution? a. Proposed by 2/3 of Congress and passage of ¾ State Legislatures
16) What do we mean by “Separation of Powers”? a. each branch is given independent powers
17) What is an Ex Post Facto Law? a. Congress can’t make a law to make someone get in trouble in the past
18) What are the Full Faith and Credit Clause? a. Must uphold documents “laws and regulations” in other States
19) What is the Supremacy Clause? a. Constitution is the Supreme law of the land; states can’t violate/remove it
20) Know your checks and balance a. Congress checking the Federal Courts Can check the federal courts: By changing the number and jurisdiction of the lower courts By using the impeachment powers to remove a judge from office By refusing to approve a person nominated to be a judge (Senate only)
20) Know your checks and balance b. President Can check Congress by vetoing a bill it has passed Can check the federal courts by nominating judges
20) Know your checks and balance c. The Courts Can check Congress by declaring a law unconstitutional (Judicial Review ¡V Marbury v. Madison) Can check the president by declaring actions by him or his subordinates to be unconstitutional or not authorized by law
21) 1st Amendment RAPPS Freedom in Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, and Speech
22) What is Habeas Corpus? a. Bring a person up to court and judge tells them what they’re accused of
23) 14th Amendment a. Equal Protection under the Law
24) 15th Amendment The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
25) 17th Amendment a. Senators elected by popular votes (people)
26) 18th Amendment a. Prohibition
27) 19th Amendment a. Woman’s Suffrage
28) 21st Amendment a. Repealed Prohibition
29) 22nd Amendment a. Term Limits on Presidency
30) 25th Amendment a. Succession in Presidency
31) 26th Amendment a. Voting Age at 18
32) What is the primary role of the legislative Branch? a. Makes the laws
33) What powers doses Congress have? a. Impeach, tax, purse (budget)
34) How long is the term for a House Rep. and Senator? a. 2 for House and 6 for Senate
35) What are the qualifications to be a House Rep. and Senator? a. House has to be at least 25 years old, US citizen for at least 7 years and live in the state they represent b. Senate has to be at least 30 years old, US citizen for at least 9 years old and live in the state they represent
36) How many members in the House? Senate? a. House 435 and Senate 100
37) What is an appropriations bill? Where do all tax bills have to start? a. Authorizes the government to spend money b. House of Representatives
38) What is a census? How does this impact congressional representation? a. Measures population every 10 years, reallocate based on population for 435 House Representatives
39) How many times has the constitution been amended? a. 27 times
40) How often does Congress have to meet? a. At least once a year
41) How can Congress override a presidential Veto? a. 2/3 votes
42) What is the elastic clause? a. Aka necessary improper clause, article 1 Congress can expand powers on their enumerated powers as long as its related to that
43) What is meant by Reserved Powers? (Where in the constitution are these protected?) a. Powers just given to the states (10th Amendment)
44) What is meant by Enumerated Powers? Concurrent Powers? a. Powers given to the national government alone b. Powers shared by national and state (taxation)
45) What is the primary duty of the Executive Branch? a. Execute laws
46) What are the qualifications to be President? a. Natural born citizen, permanent resident of the US for at least 14 years, at least 35 years old,
47) Where in the constitution is Presidential Succession discussed? a. 25th Amendment
48) Who decides if there is a tie in the Electoral College for the Presidency? a. The House of Representatives
49) Know the first five in the line of succession… a. Vice President, Speaker of the House, President Pro Tempore of the Senate, Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury
50) What are the constitutional responsibilities of the Vice President? a. President of the Senate, tie breaking vote in Senate
51) What is the primary duty of the Judicial Branch? a. Interpret the laws
52) How many SC justices are there? a. 9
53) What is the most common way for a case to reach the Supreme Court? a. appeal to court->federal->Supreme court
54) What percent of cases are actually heard by the SC? (of those proposed) a. 1-2%
55) How long is the term for a justice? How are they selected? a. for life b. Nominated by POTUS and confirmed by majority of Senate
56) Who sets the number of justices on the bench? a. Congress
57) How can a Supreme Court decision be overturned? a. Congress can amend the constitution or change the composition of court
58) What is Judicial Review? a. Power to review treaties, laws, policies and executive orders and nullify them if they are unconstitutional
59) What is the significance of Marbury v. Madison? a. the Judicial Review came from this
20) Know your checks and balances a. Congress can check the president By refusing to pass a bill the presidents want By passing a law over the president’s veto 2/3 vote By using the impeachment powers to remove the president from office
20) Know your checks and balances a. Senate can check the president By refusing to approve a presidential appointment (Senate only) By refusing to ratify a treaty the president has signed (Senate only)
21) 2nd Amendment Right to bear arms
21) 3rd Amendment Protection from quartering soldiers
21) 4th Amendment Protection from unreasonable search and seizure
21) 5th Amendment Rights of the Accused
21) 6thh Amendment Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecution
21) 7th Amendment Civil Trials, deal with non-criminal disputes
21) 8th Amendment Protection from Cruel and Unusual Punishments
21) 9th Amendment Non-enumerated Rights Protected
21) 10th Amendment The powers not delegated to the US by the constitution, nor prohibited to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
Created by: pinoybidd3