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Thomas, ch. 2 Review

Chapter 2 Review

Secularization 1300s; developing activites outside the religous sphere
Constantinople 1453 Turks take this city
Black Death Population fell by 30 million between 1300 and 1400l. An erratic economy.
Revolts and Repression upper class tried to control prices and the poor had a tough time finding work. Rebellions were caused because of inflation of gold and the king gave himself more money because the money's worth declined.
Wat Tyler's rebellion 1381, workers didn't like high prices due to lack of labor from the black death.
The Hundred Years' War A war between France and England that began in 1337.
The Effects of the Hundred Years' War Parliaments power for kings went up and English nobles became unruly.
Joan of Arc Led the French army to victories during the Hundred Years' War.
The Babylonian Captivity England and France began taxing the church in the 1290s. The Unam Sanctam was issued and declared that all outside the Roman Church were not saved.
The Great Schism The college of Cardinals elected 2 popes, one in France and one in Rome.
Flagellants Extreme Catholics who whip themselves to get rid of their sins. During the 1300's
Lollards Started by William Langland in 1360. Contrasted the honest poor with hypocrisy
Hussites Started by John Huss in 1380. Sad church can do without elaborate possesion and could do without church and they can read the Bible. Practiced in Bohemia.
Conciliar Movement 1414 Council at Constance. Ended the three schism. Extirpated heresy, and reform church from top to bottom.
Simony buying or selling of church office
Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges 1438 Puts restrictive powers on the popes.
Italian Renaissance movement to restore civilization to that of the Greco-Roman. Collective action in art, law, and government. Originated thoughts within the Renaissance.
Cosimo De Medici Started the Medici political power. Funded the Florence Cathedral
Lorenzo de Medici Supported Michelangelo.
Individualism People started being more independent.
Humanists and Latin Humanists wrote in Latin but were not member of the clergy.
The Vernacular Florentine became the standard form of modern Italian. It was the first time European vernacular became standard.
Renaissance education Periodic promotion of pupils from one level to the next. Latin and Greek were always subjects.
The "Courtier" A man of good birth that should be neatly dressed and know both Latin and Greek.
Renaissance Marriages Negotiations to enhance social position. Women were generally younger than 18 and men were around 30.
Italian vulnerability In 1527 Spanish and German mercenaries attacked Rome.
Christian humanists Wanted to deepen their understanding of Christianity. Universities developed.
The sisters and brothers of the common life Received Papal approval, but were not monks or nuns. They worked at relieving the poor and teaching.
Henry VII Gained the English throne by force. Ended the wars of the Roses.
Aragon and Castile The two kingdoms were joined by the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella.
The Habsburgs Electing an emperor was the duty of 4 principal lords. Family was reelected as Holy Roman Emperor from 1452-1806.
Charles V Holy Roman Emperor in 1519
Martin Luther Criticized the Catholic church. Believed that people were saved by their faith.
Social reformation Lutheranism swept over Germany.
Political rebellion Many cities wanted to choose their own religion and rebelled against the Holy Roman Empire.
The Peace of Augsburg Each state could either be Lutheran or Catholic. No individual freedom of religion was permitted.
Predestination God knew and willed all things in advance. Those who were saved and damned were already determined.
Calvin's Geneva Model christian community. Strict rules.
The spread of Calvinism Geneva became protestant Rome. Calvinists made their teachings heard. Large populations turned Calvinist.
Henry VIII Founded the Church of England.
The Act of Supremacy The king was the head of the Church of England. Subjects were asked to take an oath. All monasteries were closed.
The Church of England Resemble a Lutheran church. All English subjects had to belong to it. Clergy could marry.
Created by: bocaj