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cheyenne holbrook U1

unit one geogrophy cheyenne holbrook

The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape. This is an important concept in geography because it symbolizes how humans interact with their surroundings. Sequent occupance
Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. This is the essence of how humans interact with nature. Cultural landscape
The total number of people divided by the total land area. This is what most people think of as density; how many people per area of land. Arithmetic density
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture. This is important because it relates to how much land is being used by how many people. Physiological density
The region from which innovative ideas originate. This relates to the important concept of the spreading of ideas from one area to another (diffusion). Hearth
The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time. Diffusion
The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another. Relocation diffusion
The spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process. This can happen in 3 ways: Expansion diffusion
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places Hierarchical diffusion
: The rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population Contagious diffusion
: the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse Stimulus diffusion
Exact measurement of the physical space between two places. Absolute distance
Approximate measurement of the physical space between two places. Relative distance
The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface. Distribution
A 19th- and early 20th-century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical science. Environmental determinism
Position on Earth’s surface using the coordinate system of longitude (that runs from North to South Pole) and latitude (that runs parallel to the equator). Absolute location
Position on Earth’s surface relative to other features Relative location
The physical character of place; what is found at the location and why it is significant Site
The location of a place relative to other places Situation
The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation system. Space Time Compression
- is based on the notion that distance usually requires some amount of effort, money, and/or energy to overcome. Friction of Distance
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin. Typically, the farther away one group is from another, the less likely the two groups are to interact Distance Decay
defined by Manuel Castells as a set of interconnected nodes without a center Networks
The relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space. Geographers are concerned with the various means by which connections occur. Connectivity
The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach certain location from other locations. Accessibility varies from place to place and can be measured. Accessibility
Refers to the physical gap or interval between two objects. Accessibility
Physical location of geographic phenomena across SPACE Spatial Distribution
Refers to the physical gap or interval between two objects. Space
Is the estimation or determination of extent. Size-
Representation of a real-world phenomenon at a certain level of reduction or generalization. In cartography, the ratio of map distance to ground distance, indicated on a map as a bar graph, representative fraction, and/or verbal statement. Scale
- (uniform) or homogenous region is an area within which everyone shares in common one or mare distinctive characteristics. The shared feature could be a cultural value such as a common language, or an environmental climate. Formal Region
(nodal region) Area organized around a node or focal point Functional Region
- (Perceptual Region) is a place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity. Vernacular Region
The physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment. Possibilism
A common property of distribution, which is the geometric arrangement of objects in space. Pattern
- Often referred to as a places toponym (the name given to a place on Earth. Place Name
Created by: cheyenne757



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