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Unit 2 - Histology

Histology TermDefinition
Simple Squamous Epithelium Appearance: Single layer of flat cells Function: absorption
Stratified Squamous Epithelium Appearance: Multiple layers of flat cells Function: absorption
Cuboidal Epithelium Appearance: Cube-shaped cells Function: absorption
Columnar Epithelium Appearance: cells that are longer than wide Function: absorption
Psuedostratified Epithelium Appearance: Cells appear to be layered due to irregularly placed nuclei Function: protection, secretion, movement
Transitional Epithelium Appearance: cells are different shapes/sizes Function: allows for stretching
Adipose Connective Tissue Stores fat, provides insulation
Dense Regular Connective Tissue Parallel bundles of collagen fiber found in tendons and ligaments
Dense Irregular Connective Tissue Bundles of collagen fiber run in different directions
Reticular Connective Tissue Lymphatic tissue that produces white blood cells
Hyaline Cartilage Cartilage that contains collagen; makes up tip of nose, ends of long bone and ribs and rings in trachea
Elastic Cartilage Cartilage that contains elastic and collagen fibers; found in ears
Fibrocartilage Matrix contains strong collagenous fibers to absorb shock and friction; found in knee and vertebrae joints
Compact Bone Dense bone found on outer portion of long bones
Spongy bone Bony bars and plates are irregularly spaced; found in ends of long bone and makes blood cells
Blood Liquid connective tissue made up of erythrocytes, plasma, leukocytes, and platelets.
Skeletal Muscle Striated columns of voluntary contractile tissue found in skeletal muscles
Smooth Muscle Spindle-shaped cells of involuntary contractile tissue found in digestive organs and blood vessels
Cardiac Muscle Striated, branched involuntary contractile tissue found in the heart
Nervous Tissue Groups of neurons that send impulses to communicate
Epithelial Tissue covers body surfaces and organs, lines body cavities
Connective Tissue binds and supports body parts
Histology the branch of anatomy that studies the structure of animal tissue on a microscopic level
Tissue A group of cells that all perform the same specific function
Created by: Kelly Deshler



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