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Anatomy Vocab #2

Anatomy/Physiology Vocabulary Words 26-50

QuestionAnswer
Referring to the front of the human body. Also, at or toward the head end of an animal. Anterior
Substances which oppose specific foreign bodies. Antibodies
A substance, foreign to the body, which stimulates the formation of a specific antibody. Antigen
Any structure having one end attached to the main part of body and the other end more or less free. Appendage
The middle layer of the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord. Arachnoid
A fine branch of an artery. Arteriole
A muscular blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart. Artery
An inflammation of the joints; sometimes resulting in fusion of the bones. Arthritis
A joint; the junction of two or more bones. Articulation
A condition whereby the oxygen in the body is reduced and CO2 is increased, leading to suffocation. Asphyxia
The formation of new protoplasm from nonliving materials within cells. Assimilation
A defect of vision caused by abnormal curvature of the surface of either the cornea or the lens. Astigmatism
The smallest unit of matter. Atom
A prefix referring to the atrium of the heart. Atrio
A group of nerve fibers that transmit impulses from the atria to the ventricles. Atrioventricular Bundle
A chamber of the heart that receives blood. Atrium
A decrease in size of some organ or structure of the body. Atrophy
1. The pinna of the ear; the flap of cartilage and skin on the outer ear; 2. An atrium of the heart. Auricle
The central, supporting portion of the body, composed of the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and breast bone. Axial Skeleton
That portion of the neuron that carries impulses away from the cell body. Axon
Acceleration of the heart and a rise in arterial pressure resulting from a rise in pressure in the right atrium and the roots of the great veins. Bainbridge Reflex
A device for measuring air pressure. Barometer
The basic rate of the body's metabolism. Basalmetabolic Rate
A type of white blood cell in which the cytoplasmic granules stain blue with methylene blue. Basophil
A unit used to measure the intensity of sound. Bel
Created by: ksalazar