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Ch 2 Roots of US

7/8 Civics 2012

QuestionAnswer
1765 tax on stamps A. Stamp Act, B. Declaratory Act, C. Townshend Act, D. Tea Act, E. Coercive Acts A. Stamp Act
1773 tax on tea that led to the Boston Tea Party: A. Stamp Act, B. Declaratory Act, C. Townshend Act, D. Tea Act, E. Coercive Acts D. Tea Act
2 signatures on the Dec of Ind Hancock and Franklin
3 powers that the colonies now had the power to do levy war, conclude peace, contract alliance, est. commerce
4 parts of the Dec of Ind Preamble, Dec of Natural Rights, List of Grievances, Resolution
A detailed, written plan for government Constitution
A group of individuals or state governments Confederation
A group of people that makes laws Legislature
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses Bicameral
A representative to a meeting Delegate
A system of law based on precedent and customs Common law
Commander for the US army Washington
Commander of the British army Cornwallis
Document was signed in 1215 A. Magna Carta, B. Bill of Rights, C. Mayflower Compact A. Magna Carta
Document was signed in 1620 A. Magna Carta, B. Bill of Rights, C. Mayflower Compact C. Mayflower Compact
English philosopher who advocated ideas that were adopted in the Dec of Ind John Locke
Explain how the colonists won the war. Which advantage do you think was the most important? Which disadvantage do you think was most detrimental to the British? Answers may vary
Explain how the French & Indian War causes England to tax the colonies. How did the colonies respond? Debt from war à higher taxes. Colonists MAD!
First battle of the war Lexington and Concord
First document to limit the monarch’s power A. Magna Carta, B. Bill of Rights, C. Mayflower Compact A. Magna Carta
How did each of the following lead to the American Revolution? French and Indian War, Stamp Act and Townshend Acts, The First Continental Congress, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, The Declaration of Independence Answers may vary
Last battle of the war Yorktown
List 3 “self-evident” truths life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
Major battle after crossing the Delaware Trenton
Man who warned the Minutemen that the British were coming Paul Revere
Name 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation lack of power/money, lack of central power, rules too rigid
Name and explain the 3 types of colonies 1) Royal: direct rule from king, bicameral, 2) Proprietary: Proprietor runs it, unicameral, 3) Charter: charter from king, self-governed
Parliament has the right to tax colonies: A. Stamp Act, B. Declaratory Act, C. Townshend Act, D. Tea Act, E. Coercive Acts B. Declaratory Act
Prohibited cruel and unusual punishment A. Magna Carta, B. Bill of Rights, C. Mayflower Compact B. Bill of Rights
Purpose of government according to the Declaration? Protect the rights of people
Response to Tea Party. No right to trial by jury: A. Stamp Act, B. Declaratory Act, C. Townshend Act, D. Tea Act, E. Coercive Acts E. Coercive Act
Signed by William and Mary in 1689 A. Magna Carta, B. Bill of Rights, C. Mayflower Compact B. Bill of Rights
Stated that the king’s power was not absolute! A. Magna Carta, B. Bill of Rights, C. Mayflower Compact A. Magna Carta
Tax on glass, paper, lead, etc.: A. Stamp Act, B. Declaratory Act, C. Townshend Act, D. Tea Act, E. Coercive Acts C. Townshend Acts
The British legislature Parliament
The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys Mercantilism
This document was a social contract—meaning the people agreed to it voluntarily A. Magna Carta, B. Bill of Rights, C. Mayflower Compact C. Mayflower Compact
To cancel a law Repeal
To change Amend
Year American Revolution War began 1775
Year American Revolution War ended 1781
Created by: rejoyce431