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Honors Anatomy Test

QuestionAnswer
5 types of cancer with highest Survival Rates Testis, Prostate, Skin, Breast, Bladder
5 deadliest cancers Esophagus, Lung, Stomach, Circulatory, Ovary
5 most common cancers Prostate, Breast, Lung, Colon, Circulatory
Carcinoma- Epithelial Cancer
Lipoma- Benign Adipose tissue tumor
Liposarcoma Adipose Tissue Cancer
Leukemia Blood Forming Cancer
Lymphoma Lymphoid Cancer
Neuroma Neuronal Cancer
Chondromas Benign Cartilage Tumor
Chondrosarcoma Cartilage Cancer
Osteomas Benign Bone Tumor
Osteosarcoma Bone Cancer
Myosarcomas Skeletal Muscle Cancer
Gauncher's Disease is... Build up of glycolipids in cell membrane which causes neurological issues in infants and juveniles
Tay Sach's Disease is... Hereditary disorder from inability to break down glycolipids that causes death at age 3-4
Glycogen Storage Disease is... Cells are unable to mobilize glycogen normally which muscular weakness in primarily the skeletal muscle
Remission Cancer/tumor stops spreading, decreases in size or disappears
Metastasis Cancer spreads and develops more tumors
Onocologists A doctor who studies tumors
Male Sex Cells are... Sperm
Female Sex Cells are.. Eggs
Somatic Cells Cell forming the body of an organism
Semi-permeable Membrane only letting in certain molecules
Permanent Alterations in DNA cells are.. Mutation
Synthesis of lipids occurs here Smooth ER
Watery medium that surrounds the cell Extracellular Fluid
Function in the digestion of foreign materials in the cell Lysosome
Where the cell's DNA is located (organelle) Nucleus
Somatic Cell Division... Mitosis
Chromatin- Condensed DNA and Proteins
Chromosomes- Organized Structure of DNA (multiple Chromatin)
Flagella Help Cell travel
What happens in Prophase Chromosomes, spindle fibers, and centrioles appear
What happens in Metaphase Chromosomes line up on metaphase plate
What happens in Anaphase Chromatids pulled to opposite poles
What happens in Telophase cytoplasm seperates, nuclear membranes appear, spindle fibers disappear
Cell cycle in order Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Interphase steps in order G1, S, G2
What happens in G1 phase cell growth and metabolic activities
What happens in S phase DNA replication
What happens in G2 phase Cell growth and metabolic activities
What happens in Cytokinesis Cytoplasm divides
Endocytosis and 2 types Cells absorb molecules, Pinocytosis and Phagocytosis
Exocytosis Cell directs molecules out of cell
Movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration is Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of water from higher to lower concentration Osmosis
If a cell lacked ribosomes it would not be able to Synthesize proteins
Adip refers to Fats
Organelle that has intracellular membranes with attached ribosomes Rough ER
Most ATP for the cell is produced here Mitchondria
Functions of cell membrane (4) Regulates materials, Seperates cytoplasm from extracellular fluid, sensitive to extracellular fluid changes, and structual support
Solid objects such as bacteria are transported into the cell during... Phagocytosis
Small materials are brought into the cell during Pinocytosis
________ moves substances across the surface of the cell cillia
If the cell lacked centrioles it would not be able to... divide
Created by: 1148445070