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Bonewit Chapter 2

Medical Asepsis & The OSHA Standard-Brooklynn Crowe

Aerobe An microorganism that needs oxygen to grow.
Anaerobe A microorganism that grows best in that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms.
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced maintain an area or object free from in infection or pathogens.
Cilia Slender hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body.
Contaminate To soil or to make impure. An aseptic object touches something that is not clean.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles ; the surface or item is rendered safe or clean.
Hand hygiene Te process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
Infection The condition in which the body, or of it, is invaded by a pathogen.
Medical asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number and hinder the transmission of pathogens.
Microoganism A microscope plant or animal.
Nonintact skin Skin that ha s a break in the surface. It includes cuts burns, hangnails, abrasions, and paper cuts.
Pathogen A disease-producing microorganism.
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before and after birth.
pH The degrees in which a solution is acidic or basic.
Susceptible Easily affected; lacking resistance.
Regulated Medical Waste (RMW) Medical waste the poses a threat to health and safety.
Postexposure prophylaxis Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease.
Transient flora Microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers and are picked up in the course of daily activities.They are often pathogenic but can be removed easily fro, the skin by sanitizing the hands.
Resident flora Harmless, nonpathogenic microorganism that normally reside in the skin and usually do not cause disease. Also known as normal flora.
Nonpathogen A microorganism that does not normally produce disease.
Opportunistic infection An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment.
Optimum growth temperature The temperature at which an organism grows best.
Parenteral Taken into the body through piercing the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts, and abrasion.
Reservoir host The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Created by: brooklynncrowe