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Unit 1, Assignment 1

The Renaissance

QuestionAnswer
Identiy/Explain six reasons why the Renaissance began in Italy 1. money/wealth 2. development of civic humanism 3. urban center; had never been heavily feudalized 4. strategic geographic location 5. influx of Greek immigrants 6. considered themselves to be natural heirs of the Ancient Romans
periodization the attempt to categorize or divide time periods based on MAJOR features; it is often arbitrary and done for the convenience of the historians
Jacob Burckhardt Philosopher who viewed believed the Renaissance represented new secular and scientific values
Francesco Petrarch a poet and humanist who believed the Renaissance represented new secular and scientific values
Bourgeoisie the middle, or Burgher, class which possessed the majority of control over the economy; they "made things happen" with their money (i.e. patronage)
Individualism the driving ambition for success which drove people to complete achievement of their potential; a change from the "organic" views of the Middle Ages
"On the Dignity of Man" written by Pico della Mirandola; "man's place in the universe may be somewhere between the beasts and the angels but there are no limits to what man can accomplish"; prime example of humanism
High Renaissance time period during the Renaissance when artistic and scientific output was at its max; considered peak moment of the Renaissance
Secular not belonging to a religious order; much of the work during the Renaissance took on a secular nature
Lorenzo Valla attacked Medieval traditions and texts; revealed "Donation of Constantine" as a forgery in book "On the False Donation of Constantine"; defended predestination against free will
"On the False Donation of Constantine" by Lorenzo Valla; demonstrates that anonymous 8th C. donation supposedly giving the papacy jurisdiction over cast territories in western Europe was a forgery
"The Decameron" written by Boccaccio; contains 100 bawdy tales told by 3 men and 7 women in a safe country retreat away from the plague; a stinging social commentary and a sympathetic look at human behavior
Pope Leo X known for granting indulgences for those who donated to the reconstruction of St. Peter's Basilica; challenged Martin Luther's 95 Theses; son of Lorenzo de' Medici
Pope Julius II the warrior pope; papacy marked by active foreign policy, ambitious building projects and patronage of art; commissioned the Sistine Chapel
vernaculars languages that are native to a region, i.e. French in France, Spanish in Spain, etc
Created by: GCEuro2013