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Hip and Thigh Muscle

MuscleOriginInsertionActionInnervation
Gluteus Maximus iliac crest, sacrum, coccyx ITB, gluteal tuberosity extends and lateral rotates hip Inferior Gluteal
Gluteus Medius ilium greater trochanter abducts and medially rotates hip Superior Gluteal
Gluteus Minimus ilium greater trochanter abducts and medially rotates hip Superior Gluteal
Adductor Longus pubic symphysis linea aspera flexes, adducts and laterally rotates hip Obturator
Adductor Brevis inferior ramus of pubis superior half of linea aspera flexes, adducts and laterally rotoates hip Obturator
Adductor Magnus inferior ramus of pubis, ischium to ischial tuberosity pectineal line and linea aspera flexes, extends, adducts and laterally rotates hip Obturator
Gracilis ramus of pubis pes anserine flexes, adducts, and medially rotates hip Obturator
Rectus Femoris AIIS tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon flexes hip; extends knee Femoral
Vastus Lateralis greater trochanter and linea aspera tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon extends knee Femoral
Vastus Intermedius anterior and lateral surfaces of femur tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon extends knee Femoral
Vastus Medialis linea aspera tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon extends knee Femoral
Sartorius ASIS pes anserine flexes, abducts and laterally rotates hip; flexes knee Femoral
Biceps Femoris Long head: ischial tuberosty short head: linea aspera head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibia extends hip; flexes knee Long head: Tibial; Short head:Common Peroneal
Semitendinosus ischial tuberosity pes anserine extends hip; flexes knee Tibial
Semimembranosus ischial tuberosity posteromedial tiba on condyle extends hip; flexes knee Tibial
Popliteus laretal femoral condyle posterior tibia unlocks the knee Tibial
Iliacus internal iliac crest distal to lesser trochanter hip flexion Lumbar Plexus
Tensor Fascia Latae ASIS ITB Hip flexion, internal rotation, abduction Superior Gluteal
Piriformis sacrum greater trochanter hip external rotation Sacral Plexus
Psoas T12 and lumbar vertebrae lesser trochanter hip flexion Lumbar Plexus