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Bonewit #16


Anuria Failure of the kidneys to produce urine.
Bilirubinuria The presence of bilirubin in the urine.
Bladder Catheterization The passing of the sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine.
Diuresis Secretion and passage of large amounts of urine.
Dysuria Difficult or painful unrination.
Freguency the condition of having to urinate often.
Glycosuria The presence of glucose in the urine.
Hematuria Blood present in the urine.
Ketonuria The presence of ketone bodies in the urine.
Ketosis An accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues and body fluids
Micturition The act of voiding urine.
Nephron The functional unit of the kidneys.
Nocturia Excessive( voluntary) unrination during the night.
Nocturnal enuresis Inability of a individual to control urination at night during sleep. (bedwetting)
Oliguria Decreased or scanty output of urine.
pH The unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
Polyuria Increased output of urine.
Proteinuria The presence of protein in the urine
Pyuria The presence of pus in the urine.
Renal Threshold The concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine.
Retention The inability to empty the bladder. The urine is being produced normally but is not being voided
Specific gravity The wt of a substance compared w/ the wt of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard. In urinalysis, the specific gravity refers to the measurement of the amt of dissolved substances present in the urine compared w/ same amt. of distilled H2O
Supernatant The clear liguid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles.
Suprapuic aspiration The passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine.
Urgency The immediate need to urine.
Urinalysis The physical, chemical, and microscopic analyses of urine.
Urinary incontinence The inability to retain urine.
Dribbling Involuntary loss of drops of urine
Hesitancy Difficult in starting the flow of urine.
UTI urinary tract infection
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder
Renal Calculi Kidney stones
Stricture Narrowing of the passageway interfering with movement of substances through it.
Uremia Prouction of normal in urine and excreted retained in blood: toxic condition
Urochrome yellow pigment given off from breakdown of HGB ( give yellow color)
Occult Invisible of hidden
Sediment substances settle to bottom of liguid
Crenated Notched or scalloped as in the crenated condition of blood cells
Void (Voiding) The act of urinating.
Created by: shelbycrank