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Bonewit #16

Urinalysis - Nora Godsey

anuria failure of the kidneys to produce urine
bilirubinuria presence of bilirubin in the urine
bladder catheterization passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra & into the bladder to remove urine
diuresis secretion & passage of large amounts of urine
dysuria difficult or painful urination
frequency condition of having to urinate often
glycosuria presence of glucose in the urine
hematuria blood present in the urine
ketonuria presence of ketone bodies in the urine
ketosis accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues & body fluids
micturition act of voiding urine
nocturia excessive urination during the night
nocturnal enuresis inability of an individual to control urination at night, during sleep
oliguria decreased or scanty output of urine
pH unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
polyuria increased output of urine
proteinuria presence of protein in the urine
pyuria presence of pus in the urine
renal threshold concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine
retention inability to empty the bladder. The urine is being produced normally, but is not being voided
specific gravity weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard. refers to measurement of amount dissolved subtances present in urine compared with the same amount of distilled water
supernatant clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles
suprapubic aspiration passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine
urgency immediate need to urinate
urinalysis physical, chemical, & microscopic analyses of urine
urinary incontinence inability to retain urine
void to empty the bladder
UTI urinary tract infection
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
renal calculi kidney stones
stricture narrowing of passage way interferring with movement of substances through it
uremia substance found in urine, excreted out toxic
glycosuria glucose in urine
renal threshold substances in blood is increased, moves to blood
urochrome yellow pigment from break down of HGB
nephron functional unit of kidney filters waste & dilutes with water
occult invisible hidden
sediment substance settles at the bottom of a liquid
crenated notched, scalloped, as in condition of blood cells
Created by: noragodsey