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Bonewit Chapt 15

Introduction To The Clinical Laboratory - Brooklyn Burns

Automated method a method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is preformed with an automated analyzer
fasting abstaining from food or fluids(except h20) for a specified amount of time before the collection of the specimen
homeostasis the state in which body systems are functioning normally& the internal environment of the body is in equilibrium. the body is in a healthy state
in vivo occurring in the living body or organism
laboratory test clinical analysis and study of materials, fluids, or tissues obtained from patients to assist in diagnosis and treatment of disease
manual method method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is preformed by hand
plasma the liquid pat of the blood, consisting of a clear, yellowish fluid that comprises approximately 55% of the total blood volume
profile numerous laboratory tests providing related or complementary information used to determine the health status of a patient
quality control the application of methods to ensure that the test results are reliable and valid and that errors are detected and eliminated
routine test a laboratory test performed routinely on apparently healthy patients to assist in the early detection of disease
serum the clear, straw-colored part of the blood that remains after the solid elements and the clotting factor fibrinogen have been separated out of it
specimen a small sample of something taken to show the nature of the whole
analyte a substance that is being identified or measured in a laboratory report
calibration a meachanism to check the precision & accuracy of a test system, such as an automated analyzer, to determine if the system is providing accurate results; typically performed using a device called a standard
clinical diagnosis a tentative diagnosis of a patients condition obtained through evaluation of the health history& the PE, without benefit of laboratory or diagnostic tests
control a solution that is used to monitor a test system to ensure the reliability& accuracy of test results
nonwaived test a complex lab test that does not meet the CLIA criteria for waiver& is subject to the CLIA regulations
product insert a printed document supplied by the manufacturer with a laboratory test product that contains information on the proper storage& use of the product
qualitative test a test that indicates whether or not a substance is present in the specimen being tested& also provides an approximate indication of the amount of the substance
quantitative test a test that indicates the exact amount of chemical substance that is present in the body, with the results being reported in measurable units
reagent a substance that produces a reaction with a patient specimen that allows detection of measurments of the subsyance by the test system
reference range a certain established &acceptable parameter or reference range within which the laboratory test results of a healthy individual are expected to fall
test system a setup that includes all of the test componets requied to preform a laboratory test such as testing devices.
waived test a laboratory test that meets the CLIA criteria for being a simple procedure that is easy to perform &has low risk of erroneous test results
Created by: brooklynburns