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Bonewit chapter 3

Sterilization and Disinfection -Bri

Antiseptic a substance that kills disease-producing microrganisms but not their spores. An antiseptic is usually applied to iving tissue.
Autoclave an apparatus for the sterilization of materials using steam under pressure.
Contaminate to soil,stain, or pollute to make impure.
Crititcal item An item of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capablr of transmitting disease; this makes the items safe to handle
Decontamination the use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting diseas; this makes the item safe to handle.
Detergent an agent that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil.
Disinfectant an agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores.
Hazardous chemical any chemical that presents a threat to the health and safety of an idividual coming into contact with it,
Incubate to provide proper conditions for growth and development
Load the articles that are being sterilized
Material safety data sheet a sheet that provides information regarding a chemical its hazards, and measures to take to prevent injury and illness when handling the chemical.
Noncritical item an item that comes into contact with intact skin, but not with mucous membrane.
Sanitization a process to remove organic matter from an article and to reduce the number of mos to a safe level as determined by public health requrements.
Semicritical item an item that comes into contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membrane,
Spore a hard thick walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacterial cell.
Sterilization The process of destroying all forms of microbial life including bacterial cell.
Thermolabile Easily affected or changed by heat
Created by: briannagamble