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Bonewit #4

Vital Signs- Shelby

QuestionAnswer
Adventitious Sounds Abnormal breath sounds.
Afebrile Without fever: the body temperature is normal.
Alveolus A thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
Antecubital space The space located at the front of the elbow.
Anitpyretic An agent that reduces fever.
Aorta The major trunk of the arterial syster of the body. The aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle.
Apnea The temporary cessation of breathing.
Axilla A pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong.
Bounding Pulse A pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full.
Bradycardia An abnormally slow heart rate(less than 60 beats per minute).
Bradypnea An abnormal decrease in the resirtory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute.
Celsius scale A temperature scale on which the frezzing point of water is 0 degress and the boiling point of water is 100 degress: also called the centigrade scale.
Conduction The transfer of energy, such as heat, from one object to another by direct contact.
Convection The transfer of energy, such as heat through air currents.
Crisis A sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal.
Cyanosis A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.
Diastole The phae in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contrations.
Diastollic Pressure The point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during diastole.
Dyspnea Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
Dysrhythmia An irregular rhythm: also termed arrhythmia.
Eupnea Normal respiration. The rate s 16 to 20 respirations per minute, the rhythm is even and regular and the depth is normal
Exhalation The act of breathing out.
Fahrenheit scale A temperature scale on which the freezing point or water is 32 degress and the boiling point of water is 212 degress.
Febrile Pertaning to fever.
Fever A body temp. that is above normal: synonym for pyrexia
Frenulum linguae The midline fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth.
Hyperpnea An abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respiration
Hyperpyrexia An extremely high fever.
Hypertension High blood pressure.
Hyperventilation an abnormaly fast and deep type of breathig, usually associated with acute anxiety conditions.
Hypopnea An abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of resperation.
Hypotension Low blood pressure.
Hypothermia A body temperature that is below normal.
Hypoxemia A decrease in oxygen saturation of the blood. Hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia.
Hypoxia A reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body,
Inhalation The act of breathing in.
Intercoastal Between the ribs.
Korotkoff sounds Sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood ressure readings.
Malaise A vague sense of body discomfort, weakness, and fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease and continues through the cource of the illness.
Manometer An instrument for measuring pressure.
Meniscus The curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube.
Orthopnea The condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position.
Pulse oximeter A computerized device consisting of a probe and a monitior used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pulse oximetry The use of pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pulse pressure The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures.
Pulse rhythm The time interval between heartbeats.
Pulse volume The strength of the heartbeat.
Radiation The transfer or energy, such as heat, in the form of waves.
SaO2 (saturation of peripheral oxygen) Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in rterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter.
Stethoscope An instrument used for amplifying snd hearing sounds produced by the body.
Systole The phase in the cardiac cycle in whi h the ventricles contract, sending blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary aorta.
Systolic pressure The point of maximum pressure on teh arterial walls, which is recorded during systole.
Tachycardia An abnormaly fast heart rate. (more than 100 bpms).
Tachypnea An abnormal increase in the resiratroy rate of more than 20 respirations per minute.
Thready Pulse A pulse with a decreased volume that feel weak and thin.
Sphygmomanometer An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure
Sp02 (saturation of peripheral oxygen) Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pluse oximeter
Created by: shelbycrank