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Bonewit Chapter 2

Medical Asepsis & the OSHA Standard-Arianna Butler

aerobe an MO that needs oxygen to survive.
anaerobe an MO that does not need oxygen to survive.
antiseptic an agent that functions to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms.
asepsis free from infection or pathogens: the actions practiced to make and maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens.
cilia hairlike structures that constantly beat toward the outside to remove them from the body.
contaminated the presence or reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infected materials on an item or surface.
decontamination the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmittinf infertious particles,and the surface or item is rendered safe for handling,use,or disposl.
hand hygiene refers to the preocess of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
infection the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen.
medical asepsis means that an object or area is clean and free from infection.
microorganism tiny living plants or animals that can not be seen with the naked eye.
nonintact skin skin that has a break in the surface.
nonpathogen an MO that is harmless and do not cause disease.
opportunistic infection an indection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend itself from pathogens normally found in the environment.
optimum growth temperature the temperature at which an MO grows best.
parenteral refers to the piercing of the skin barier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts, and abrasions.
pathogen an MO that is harmful to the body and can cause disease.
perinatal relating to the period shortly before and after birth.
pH where the enviorenment is acidic, basic, or neutral.
postexposure prophylaxis treatment asministered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease, to prevent the disease.
regulated medical waste waste that poses a threat to health and safety.
reservior host the organism that becomes infected by a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
resident flora (normal flora) normally resides and grows in the epidermis and deeper layers of the skin known as the dermis.
susceptible easily affected: lacking resistance.
transiet flora lives and grows on the superficial skin layers, or epidermis, picked up in day to day activity.
Created by: ariannabutler