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Chapter 4

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Algesi   Sensitivity to pain  
Ultra   Excessive  
Tom/o   To cut  
Therapeut/o   Treatment  
Ech/o   Sound  
Pharmaceut/i   Drugs or medicine  
Son/o   Ech/o  
Diagnosis   Identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation  
Pulse   The rhythmic expansion of an artery that occurs as the heart beats  
Percussion   Tapping the body with the fingertips or fist to evaluate internal organs and to evaluate fluid in a body cavity  
Respiration rate   Number of breaths per minute  
Prognosis   Predicted outcome of a disease  
Auscultation   Listening for sounds within the body to evaluate organs or detect the fetal heart rate with a stethoscope  
Sign   Objective evidence of a disease  
Symptom   Itching of the skin  
Acute   Having a short and relatively severe course  
Specimen   A small samply or part taken from the body to represent the nature of the whole  
An example of a sign   Rash  
Blood pressure   Not strictly a vital sign but is also customarily included as one  
Palpation   Feeling the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body part with the hands  
Symptom   Subjective evidence is perceived by the patient as a...  
Thermometer   An instrument used to measure temperature  
Blood pressure   The pressure exerted by the circulating blood on the walls of the arteries and veins and on the chambers of the heart  
Inspection   the examiner's observation and listening to the patient during the physical examination  
Stethoscope   An instrument consisting of two earpieces connected by means of flexible tubing that is used to hear sounds within the body  
Radiograph   A commonly used term that means an X-ray image  
Air   Black or darker area on an X-ray image probably represent this  
Computed tomography   A diagnostic imaging modality that produces a detailed image of a cross section of tissue similar to what one would see if the body or body part were cut into sections  
Fluoroscopy   A method of viewing the X-ray image directly in real time  
Therapeutic   Pertaining to treatment  
Positron emission   Combining tomography and radioactive substances to produce  
Tomography   enhanced images  
Analgesic   A drug that relieves pain  
Chemotherapy   Treatment of disease by chemical agents  
Radiation Oncology   Radiotherapy  
Diagnostic pressure   The lower reading in measuring blood pressure  
Tomogram   A detailed image of a cross section of tissue similar to what one would see if the body or body part were actually cut into sections  
Narcotics   Substances that produce insensibility or stupor  
Contrast imaging   The use or radiopaque materials to make intenal organs visible  
Fluoroscope   An instrument that projects an X-ray image on a screen during fluoroscopy  
Radiology   The branch of medicice that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases with x-rays and radioactive substances  
Neoplasm   May be benign or malignant  
White   The color in an x-ray image shown for metals, such as lead or steel  
Radiopaque   Substances that do not permit the passage of x-rays  
Remission   Disappearance of the characteristics of malignant tissue  
Antimicrobial   Drugs that destroy or inhibit the growth of microbes  
Auscultation   Listening for sounds within the body with a stethoscope  
Pharmacotherapy   Treatment of diseases with drugs or medicines  
Echogram   Sonogram  


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