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NHTC - Final Review

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

ROM   range of motion  
scoliosis   abnormal sideward curvature of the spine  
osteosarcoma   malignant tumor of bone  
osteomalacia   softening of the bone  
Ca   cancer  
osteoporosis   loss of bone density  
lordosis   abnormal inward curvature of the spine  
DEXA   dual energy x-ray absorptiometry  
subluxation   partial dislocation  
RA   rheumatoid arthritis  
arthrocentesis   surgical punture of a joint to remove fluid  
NSAID   nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug  
CA   calcium (CA - capital letters)  
dislocation   displacement of a joint from its normal location  
bunion   abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe  
electromyography   recording muscle contraction strength when stimulated electrically  
CTS   carpel tunnel syndrome  
K   potassium  
dorsiflexion   elevates the foot  
adduction   moves closer to the midline  
abduction   moves away from the midline  
tendinopathy   disease of a tendon  
rotation   moves a bone around its longitudinal axis  
ankylosis   stiffening and immobility of a joint  
arthrography   radiography of a joint  
laminectomy   excision of the lamina  
DC   physician specializing in chiropractic care  
206   bones in the human skeleton  
tendons   connect muscles to bones  
muscles   maintain posture and allow movement of the body  
OTC   over the counter  
Appendicular skeleton   consists of arms, legs, scapulae, clavicles, pelvis  
hematopoiesis   the production of blood cells in the bone marrow  
ligaments   support internal organs and connect cartilage  
musculoskeletal system   comprised of joints, tendons, ligaments, bones and muscles  
acromioclavicular   pertaining to the acromion and clavicle  
DJD   degenerative joint disease  
dermatologist   specialist in the study of skin  
hepatomegaly   enlargement of the liver  
nephrectomy   surgical removal of a kidney  
enteropathy   disease of the small intestine  
cerebromalacia   softening of the brain  
gastroenterologist   specialist in the study of the GI tract  
polydipsia   excessive thirst  
polyuria   excessive urination  
hyperhidrosis   excessive sweating  
lateral   pertaining to the side  
asplenia   absence of the spleen  
apnea   temporary cessation of breathing  
thrombus   another term for blood clot  
vertigo   another term for dizziness  
syncope   another term for fainting  
hypertension   another term for high blood pressure  
hypoglycemia   low blood sugar  
cardimyopathy   disease of the heart muscle  
cephalic   pertaining to the head  
caudal   pertaining to the tail  
auscultation   to listen with a stethoscope  
palpate, palpation   to examine by feeling  
quadriplegia   four-extremity paralysis  
hyperlipidemia   excessive lipids in the blood  
nocturia   urination at night  
tachycardia   rapid heart rate  
bradycardia   slow heart rate  
pruritus   itching  
external   pertaining to the outside  
internal   pertaining to the inside  
cystitis   inflammation of the bladder  
prostatomegaly   enlargement of the prostate  
endoscopy   visual exam with an endoscope  
intravenous   within a vein  
erythrocyte   red blood cell  
DNI   do not intubate  
DNR   do not resusitate  
DOB   date of birth  
MRI   magnetic resonance imaging  
CBC   complete blood count  
WBC   white blood count  


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