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end of chapter terms

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

a mo that needs oxygen to live and grow   Aerobe  
a mo that grows best in the absence of oxygen   Anaerobe  
free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced to make & maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens   Asepsis  
an agent that inhibits the growth of or kills mo's   Antiseptic  
slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove mo's from the body   Cila  
to soil or to make impure. An aseptic object becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean   Contaminate  
the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particals; the surface or item is rendered safe for handling, use or disposal.   Decontamination  
the process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.   Hand Hygiene  
the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen   Infection  
practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens   Medical Asepsis  
a microscopic plant or animal   MicroOrganism (MO)  
skin that has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, & burns   Nonintact Skin  
a mo that does not normally produce disease   Nonpathogen  
an infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the enviornment   Opportunistic Infection  
the temperature at which an organism grows best   Optimum Growth Temperature  
taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts & abrasions   Parenteral  
A disease producing MO   Pathogen  
relating to the period shortly before & after birth   Perinatal  
treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infetious disease to prevent the disease   Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP)  
medical waste that poses a threat to health & safety   Regulated Medical Waste (RMW)  
the organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.   Resivor Host  
harmless, nonpathogenic MO's that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause diseas: also known as normal flora   Resident Flora  
easily affected; lacking resistance   Susceptible  
MO's that reside on the superficial skin layers & are picked up in the course of daily activities. they are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands.   Transient Flora  


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Created by: troyschultz