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Lesson 19/Disease Processes

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
abnormality   state of being abnormal  
acquired   not inherited or present at birth  
allergic   relating to allergy  
allergy   abnormality of immune system  
antibiotic   substance used to cure inectious diseases caused by bacteria  
atherosclerosis   hardening of the arteries  
autoimmune   allergic to one's own tissues  
bacteri/o   bacteria  
bacterial   relating to bacteria  
benign   slow growth of neoplasm, does not destroy normal function  
congenital   exist from birth  
developmental   etiology category which includes abnormalities in growth of tissue or organ  
diabetes mellitus   disease caused by abnormal sugar metabolism  
dwarf, dwarves   disease involving abnormal bone development  
dwarfism   condition of being a dwarf  
etiologic, etiological   relating to etiology  
etiology   cause of an abnormality or injury  
eti/o   cause  
hereditary   genetic  
hydrocephalus   water on the brain  
hyperplasia   abnormal increase in number of normal cells  
hyperplastic   relating to hyperplasia  
iatrogenic   pathology caused by actions of a doctor, treatment, medication  
idiopathic   disease where etiology is unknown  
inflammation   tissue response to injury  
infection   caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites  
infectious   relating to infection  
infestation   infested with parasites  
inflammatory   relating to inflammation  
inflamed   tissue response to injury  
malignant   cancerous  
neoplasia   new growth of cells whose anatomy is abnormal  
neoplasm   any new and abnormal growth  
neoplastic   relating to neoplasm  
nosocomial   disease acquired in hospital environment  
parasite   living organism which invades body and causes disease  
parasitic   relating to parasite  
penicillin   antibiotic  
rheumatoid   widespread inflammation with unknown cause  
rickets   vitamin D deficiency  
secondary to   caused by  
trauma   causes injury to tissue by force or toxic agents  
traumatic   relating to trauma  
vascularize   formation of new vessels  
abscess   collection of pus closed off in a sac  
acute   sudden, of short duration  
alcoholic   relating to alcohol  
anoxia   absence of oxygen  
anoxic   relating to absence of oxygen  
atrophic   relating to atrophy  
atrophy   cells decrease in size or number  
calor   heat  
caloric   relating to heat  
carbuncle   small abscess  
caseous   type of necrosis  
chron/o   time  
chronic   slow, ongoing  
chronicity   relating to chronic  
coagulate   to clot or curdle  
coagulation   clotting; type of necrosis  
degenerate   decrease or deteriorate  
degeneration   relating to degenerate  
degenerative   relating to condition of degeneration  
dolor   pain  
edema   swelling caused by increased fluid in area  
edematous   swollen  
exudate   fluid of inflammation  
fatty metamorphosis   fatty change  
fibrin/o   fibrin, a blood clotting material  
fibrinous   type of exudate which forms scabs  
fibrosis   scarring  
fung/o   fungus  
fungus   forms of yeasts and molds  
granuloma   tumor  
granulomatous   type of inflammation tyat forms tumors  
hyperemia   increased blood flow  
hypertrophy   enlargement of cells  
hypertrophic   relating to hypertrophy  
hypoxia   reduced oxygen  
hypoxic   relating to hypoxia  
ir/   in/ before r (prefix meaning not)  
irreversible   not reversible  
lethal   anything that kills  
leukocytes   cells which fight infection  
liquefaction   type of necrosis  
macrophage   cell that comes to clear out infection  
metamorphosis   change  
monocytes   type of leukocyte  
mono/, mon/o   one or single  
morbid   loss of function  
morbidity   damage to a whole organism  
mortal   pertaining to or causing death  
mortality   state of being mortal  
myocardial   sudden, severe heart attack  
necrosis   death of cells  
nectrotic   relating to death of cells  
neutrophils   leukocytes that eat foreign materials  
perinephric   relating to connective tissue around kidney  
polyarthritis   simultaneous inflammation of several joints  
polymorphonuclear   neutrophils  
phil/o   love or attraction, cells that attract a stain  
primary intention   repair with stitches  
primary union   repair with stitches  
purulent   pus  
pus   exudate with dead bacteria  
py/o   pus  
pyogenic   forming pus  
pyonephrosis   pus-forming inflammatory condition of kidney  
pyuria   pus in urine  
/uresis, /uria   to urinate, condition of urination  
regenerate   tissues replacing themselves  
regeneration   natural renewal of a structure  
regenerative   having ability to regenerate  
reversible   change back  
rubor   redness  
scab   formed from fibrinous exudate  
secondary intention   heal with borders separated (without stitches)  
secondary union   heal with borders separated (without stitches)  
prim/o   first  
subacute   less than sharp or severe  
suppurative   inflammatory response with large amount of pus  
transudate   clear fluid without protein  
tubercul/o   tuberculosis, small root  
tuberculosis   disease  
tumor   swelling, lump  
tumorous   relating to tumor  
wound   injury to body tissues  


   






 
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