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Medical Terms for Chapter 5 & 4

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Cardi   Heart  
angi   vessel  
arteri   artery  
capill   capillary  
phleb   vein  
ven   vein  
hem,hemat   blood  
aort   arota  
ather   fat  
brady   slow  
crasia   mixture of blending  
emia   blood condition  
erthr   red  
leuk   white  
tachy   rapid  
thromb   clot  
my   muscle  
ventricul   ventricles  
inter   between  
-cyte   cell  
valvu   valve  
embol   something inserted; bol: cast, em: blodd  
coron   crown  
isch   hold back /lack of  
lipid   fat  
aneurysm   a ballooning of a vessel  
chrom: chromat   color  
-ism   condition  
plast   growth  
venules   small veins  
penia   decreased  
fasci,   fascia  
fibr   fiber  
kines,kenesi   movement  
-plegia   paralysis  
ton   tone  
tax   coordination  
tri   three  
duct   lead  
ten /o , tend/o , tendin   tendons  
-ion   action  
tens   stretch out  
flex   bend  
ceps   head  
bi   two  
lysis   breakdown, destroy  
poly   many  
sarc   flesh  
brady   slow  
asthenia   weekness  
condyl   knuckle  
-paresis   partial or incomplete paralysis  
hemi   half  
quadri   four  
electr   electricity  
neur   nerve  
-dynia   pain  
carpi   wrist bone  
clon   violent action  
cardiovascularsystem   consists of the heart, blood, vessels  
pericardium   known as the pericardial sac double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart  
epicardium   is the external layer of the heart and inner layer of the pericardium  
myocardium   also known as myocardial muscle is the middle and thickest of the heart's three layers and consists of specialized cardiac muscle tissue. This muscle maintains the flow of blood throughout the body  
endocardium   which consists of epithelial tissue it is the inner lining of the heart. This surface comes into direct contact with the blood as it is being pumped through the heart.  
atria   two upper chamber of the heart. They are the receiving chambers and all blood vessels coming into the heart enter here.  
Septum   is a wall that separates two chanbers  
ventricles   are the lower chambers of the heart. They are the pumping chambers, and all blood vessels leaving the heart emerge from the ventricles  
Tricuspid   controls the opening between the right atrium and the right ventricle.. means having three cusps  
pulmonary semilunar valve   located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.  
pulmonary   means pertaining to the lungs  
semilunar   means half moon shaped like a half moon  
mitral valve   also known as the bicuspid valve is located between the left atrium and left venticle. Biscupid means having two cusps  
aortic semilunar   is located between the left ventricle and aorta  
pulmonary circulation   is the flow of blood only between the heart and lungs  
pulmonary arteries   carry deoxygenated blood out of the right ventricles and into the lungs. This is the only place in the body where deoxygenated blood is carried by arteries instead of veins  
pulmonary veins   carry the oxygenated blood from the lungs into the left atrium of the heart. This is the only place in the body where veins carry oxygenated blood  
systemic circulation   includes the flow of blood to all parts of the body except the lungs  
Sinoatrial node   establishes the basic rhythm and rate of the heartbeat (natural pace maker)  
atrioventricular node   transmits the electrical impulses onward to the bundle of His  
bundle of HIs   fibers that carry electrical impulse to ensure to insure the sequence of the heart contractions  
purkinje fibers   This contraction of the ventricles forces blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary arteries  
arteries   are large blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all regions of the body  
Neutrophils   formed in the red bone marrow are the most common type of WBC  
Basophils   are the least common and are responsible for the symptoms of allergies  
Eosinophils   they destroy paraasitic organisms and paly a major role in allergic reactions  
Lymphocytes   they identify foreign substances and germs in the body (bacteria or viruses) they produce antibodies that specifically target them  
Monocytes   they provide immunological defenses against many infectious organisms  
aneurysm   is a localized weak spot or ballon like enlargement of the wall of an artery. Can be fatal  
ateriosclerosis   hardening of the arteries  
Chronic venous insufficiency   circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves effects the feet and ankles causes discoloration of the skin  
phlebitis   inflammation of a vein occurs in superficial vein  
varicose veins   abnormally swollen veins occur when valves in the veins malfunction and allow blood to pool in these veins causing them to enlarge  
thrombosis   is the abnormal condition of a having a thrombus  
thrombus   is a blood clot attached to the interior wall of an artery  
thrombotic occlusion   is the blocking of an artery by a thrombus  
coronary thrombosis   is damage to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery  
deep vein thrombosis   is the condition of having a thrombus attached to the wall of a deep vein blockage can form in the legs example sitting to long on a airplane it can break loose and be fatal  
embolism   is the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus  
embolus   is a foreign object such as a blood clot quantity of air or gas or a bit of tissue or tumor tha is circulating in the blood  
Blood dyscrasia   is any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood  
Hemochromatosis   is a genetic disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron  
leukopenia   that the number of leukocytes in the blood are less than normal  
polycythemia   is an abnormal increase in the number of red cells in the blood due to excess production of bone marrow  
Septicemia   blood poisoning/ is a systemic condition caused by the spread ob microorganisms and their toxins via the circulating blood  
Thrombocytopenia   is a condition in which there is an abnormally small number of platelets circulating in the blood  
Thrombocytosis   is an abnormal increase in the number of platelets in the circulating blood  
hemmorrahage   is the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time  
transfusion reactions   is a serious and potentially fatal complication of a blood transfusion when a patients blood does not match  
Cholesterol   fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body  
heyperlipidemia   is elevated levels of cholesterol and fatty substances  
myelodysplastic   bone marrow disorders  
leukemia   type of cancer found in blood forming tissues, other organs and in circulating blood  
Anemia   is a lower than normal number of erythrocytes it means inadequate hemoglobin which means all parts of the body receives less oxygen  
Aplastic   failure of blood cell productions leads to fatigue and weakness  
Hemolytic anemia   is a condition of an inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of red cells by the spleen  
Iron deficiency anemia   common form of anemia Iron is essential component of hemoglobin blood can not carry oxygen effectively  


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