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Chapter 3 KEMP

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

sunbelt   a group of southern states that stretches from the east coast all the way to calafornia  
regions   areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, and plant and animal life  
coastal plain   the southern most and largest region in georgia  
fall line   a belt of hills 20 miles wide, when reached elevation suddenly rises from lower to higher ground  
piedmont   a region that is rolling, hilly and stretches north from the fall line to the base of the blue ridge mountains  
applachian mountains   a large mountain range that stretches northward from central alabama to canada  
blue ridge mountains   stretching from pennsylvaina to georgia, this is the eastern most range of the appalachain mountains  
valley and ridge   west of the blue ridge mountains , fertile valleys lying between long, narrow, mountain ridges that run in a north easternly direction.  
appalachian plateau   Also known as the cumberland plateau. in the northwestern corner of Georgia. only covers 1% of Georgia's landmass.  
Rennaisance   a time (1300 to 1600) of increased interest and diversity in the arts  
conquistadors   conquerors , 16th century spanish soldiers , wanted to rule  
mercantilism   government controls trade and attempts to transfer wealth from the colonies to the parent company.  
joint-stock company   backed by investors, each own a piece of the company, to get profit  
charter   a written contract , issued by a government , giving the holder the right to establish a colony  
monopoly   when a group has resources or power over resources that another group does not have  
archeologists   scientists who study the past based on what ancient people left behind  
artifacts   objects that were made, modified, or used by humans  
prehistoric   from the time before written history  
culture   a way of life shared by others with similar arts, beliefs, and customs  
Paleo-Indians   the first people to live in the area of georgia  
archaic period   the period of Georgia's history that began after the end of the last ice age is known as the archaic period  
woodland period   people began living in permanent settlements , culture changing rapidly.(lasted from around 1000 B.C-900 A.D)agricultural, farmers  
relative location   a point or place in relation to another point or place  
absolute location   a description of the exact site on an objective coordinate system, such as a grid, or the exact place  
hemisphere   a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles  
equator   an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°  
parallels   imaginary parallel circles of constant latitude on the earth's surface.  
prime meridian   the earth's zero of longitude  
meridians   a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles  
latitude   the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes  
longitude   Longitude, is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface  
compass rose   a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart  
scale   a ratio of size in a map, model, drawing, or plan  
goods   merchandise or possessions  
services   an act of assistance  
imports   a commodity, article, or service brought in from abroad for sale  
exports   a commodity, article, or service sold abroad  
climate   the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period  
weather   the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc  
paleo   older or ancient  
archaic   very old or old-fashioned  
woodland   land covered with trees  
Mississippian   of, relating to, or denoting a settled culture of the southeastern US, dated to about AD 800–1300  
anthropologist   people that practice anthropology, which is the study of humanity  
antiquities   an object, building, or work of art from the ancient past  
horticulture   the art or practice of garden cultivation and management  
Clovis points   Image result for clovis points definition Clovis points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture  
mounds   a rounded mass projecting above a surface  
palisade   a fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defense  
woolly mammoths   a mammoth that was adapted to the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with a long shaggy coat, small ears, and a thick layer of fat  
barter economy   a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates  
maize   technical or chiefly British term for corn  
bow and arrow   weapon consisting of two parts; the bow is made of a strip of flexible material, such as wood, with a cord linking the two ends of the strip to form a tension from which is propelled the arrow; the arrow is a straight shaft with a sharp point on one end  
projectile points   an object that was hafted to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife  
colonization   the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin.  
Spanish missions   of or relating to a style used in the early Spanish missions  
barrier islands   long, narrow, offshore deposits of sand or sediment that run parallel to the coastline  
influence   the power to shape policy or ensure favorable treatment from someone, especially through status, contacts, or wealth  
smallpox   an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars  
Catholicism   the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church.  
new world   one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas  
shale   soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs  
tribe   a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect, typically having a recognized leader.  
clan   a group of close-knit and interrelated families  
nomads   a member of a people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock  
effigy   a sculpture or model of a person  
atlatl   a stick used by Eskimos and early American Indians to propel a spear or dart  
chiefdom   form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'.  
Beringia   Beringia is a loosely defined region surrounding the Bering Strait  
Middens   a dunghill or refuse heap  
Moat   a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort, or town, typically filled with water and intended as a defense against attack.  
Podium   a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience  
Mastodon   a large, extinct, elephant like mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number.  
Pottery   pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay. Pottery can be broadly divided into earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware.  
oral tradition   information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down  
wattle and daub   a material formerly or traditionally used in building walls, consisting of a network of interwoven sticks and twigs covered with mud or clay.  
mound builders   a large ground-dwelling Australasian and Southeast Asian(?)  
expeditions   a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose  
guale-sea island   Guale was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands. Spanish Florida established its Roman Catholic .  
fur trade   fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.  
monarchy   a form of government with a monarch at the head  
protestant   a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.  
mercantilism   the economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism.  


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