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vocabulary KEMP

Chapter 3 KEMP

sunbelt a group of southern states that stretches from the east coast all the way to calafornia
regions areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, and plant and animal life
coastal plain the southern most and largest region in georgia
fall line a belt of hills 20 miles wide, when reached elevation suddenly rises from lower to higher ground
piedmont a region that is rolling, hilly and stretches north from the fall line to the base of the blue ridge mountains
applachian mountains a large mountain range that stretches northward from central alabama to canada
blue ridge mountains stretching from pennsylvaina to georgia, this is the eastern most range of the appalachain mountains
valley and ridge west of the blue ridge mountains , fertile valleys lying between long, narrow, mountain ridges that run in a north easternly direction.
appalachian plateau Also known as the cumberland plateau. in the northwestern corner of Georgia. only covers 1% of Georgia's landmass.
Rennaisance a time (1300 to 1600) of increased interest and diversity in the arts
conquistadors conquerors , 16th century spanish soldiers , wanted to rule
mercantilism government controls trade and attempts to transfer wealth from the colonies to the parent company.
joint-stock company backed by investors, each own a piece of the company, to get profit
charter a written contract , issued by a government , giving the holder the right to establish a colony
monopoly when a group has resources or power over resources that another group does not have
archeologists scientists who study the past based on what ancient people left behind
artifacts objects that were made, modified, or used by humans
prehistoric from the time before written history
culture a way of life shared by others with similar arts, beliefs, and customs
Paleo-Indians the first people to live in the area of georgia
archaic period the period of Georgia's history that began after the end of the last ice age is known as the archaic period
woodland period people began living in permanent settlements , culture changing rapidly.(lasted from around 1000 B.C-900 A.D)agricultural, farmers
relative location a point or place in relation to another point or place
absolute location a description of the exact site on an objective coordinate system, such as a grid, or the exact place
hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles
equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°
parallels imaginary parallel circles of constant latitude on the earth's surface.
prime meridian the earth's zero of longitude
meridians a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles
latitude the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes
longitude Longitude, is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface
compass rose a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart
scale a ratio of size in a map, model, drawing, or plan
goods merchandise or possessions
services an act of assistance
imports a commodity, article, or service brought in from abroad for sale
exports a commodity, article, or service sold abroad
climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
weather the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc
paleo older or ancient
archaic very old or old-fashioned
woodland land covered with trees
Mississippian of, relating to, or denoting a settled culture of the southeastern US, dated to about AD 800–1300
anthropologist people that practice anthropology, which is the study of humanity
antiquities an object, building, or work of art from the ancient past
horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management
Clovis points Image result for clovis points definition Clovis points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture
mounds a rounded mass projecting above a surface
palisade a fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defense
woolly mammoths a mammoth that was adapted to the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with a long shaggy coat, small ears, and a thick layer of fat
barter economy a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates
maize technical or chiefly British term for corn
bow and arrow weapon consisting of two parts; the bow is made of a strip of flexible material, such as wood, with a cord linking the two ends of the strip to form a tension from which is propelled the arrow; the arrow is a straight shaft with a sharp point on one end
projectile points an object that was hafted to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife
colonization the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin.
Spanish missions of or relating to a style used in the early Spanish missions
barrier islands long, narrow, offshore deposits of sand or sediment that run parallel to the coastline
influence the power to shape policy or ensure favorable treatment from someone, especially through status, contacts, or wealth
smallpox an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars
Catholicism the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church.
new world one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas
shale soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs
tribe a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect, typically having a recognized leader.
clan a group of close-knit and interrelated families
nomads a member of a people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock
effigy a sculpture or model of a person
atlatl a stick used by Eskimos and early American Indians to propel a spear or dart
chiefdom form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'.
Beringia Beringia is a loosely defined region surrounding the Bering Strait
Middens a dunghill or refuse heap
Moat a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort, or town, typically filled with water and intended as a defense against attack.
Podium a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience
Mastodon a large, extinct, elephant like mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number.
Pottery pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay. Pottery can be broadly divided into earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware.
oral tradition information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down
wattle and daub a material formerly or traditionally used in building walls, consisting of a network of interwoven sticks and twigs covered with mud or clay.
mound builders a large ground-dwelling Australasian and Southeast Asian(?)
expeditions a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose
guale-sea island Guale was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands. Spanish Florida established its Roman Catholic .
fur trade fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head
protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.
mercantilism the economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism.
Created by: abs10902
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