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History Test Chapter 3 Islam

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
oasis   small area in desert that is watered by springs or wells  
Ubar   destroyed by collapse of underground reservoir- found lost city- had trade route and Frankincense  
Arabs   Many different tribes that feuded- believed in one God, hanif  
nomads   herders- travel from oasis to oasis- traded milk and meat for carpets and weapons  
tribes   lived in close groups  
idols   made to represent sons and daughters of God  
Nomadic life   Spoke Arabic- farmers provided food- believed in a creator and lesser gods that influenced life  
trade and merchants   merchants a lot of trade- some became scholars or judges- some stayed- sea linked many trade routes  
Petra   Northwest corner peninsula-means rock  
Mecca   only for Muslims, holy city of Islam, fresh wells, routes stretch north and south  
Quraysh   tribe that takes car of Kaaba  
suq   big marketplace  
Kabba   built 4,000 years ago, house of worship for one God, walk 7 times around, safe passage of caravans  
pilgrimage   journey to a sacred site  
Quran   believed by Muslims to be written record of God's word revealed to Muhammad  
Muhammad   spend month in cave in Mount Hira- Gabriel angel command him to read  
monotheism   belief in one god  
life of Muhammad   prophet of Allah- went to see Abraham, Moses, Jesus  
preachings of Muhammad   talked about being one god- many did not like and plotted to kill- Muhammad fled from Quraysh into Medina- beginning of lunar calendar known as Hijrah  
Islam   submission to Allah  
Muslims   believers in Islam- those who submit to Allah's will  
Muhammad in Mecca   returned and brought peace- brought new religion- people tried to say no but made an army and won- removed idols from Kabba  
mosque   Muslim house of worship  
Hadith   Words or deeds of Muhammad were passed down  
Sunna   authentic sources of Islamic beliefs and practices  
Abraham   considered to be father of Arabs through son Ishmael  
first pillar- profession of faith   "Allah is the only god and Muhammad is his prophet"  
second pillar- pray 5 times a day   wash before praying and kneel facing Kaaba  
third pillar- alms   give to the poor and sick and charities  
fourth pillar- fast during Ramadan- ninth month   no eat or drink from sun up to sun down- bring them closer to Allah  
fifth pillar- Hajj   pilgrimage to Mecca  
Muslims   holy books cover diet, divorce, marriage- cannot eat pork or drink alcohol  
Jihad   do best not to be evil  
Muhammad's sucess   was able to spread Islam because had courage and compassion  
Muhammad's death   people were scared- needed to pick a new successor but would be a military and political leader  
caliph   Arabic for successor  
Abu Bakr   came after Muhammad- put down revolts- spread Islam- two years  
caliph contenders   Abu Bakr: friend- Umar and Uthman: advisory- Ali: cousin  
Umar   conquered more land and people- tolerant with conquered people as long as "people of the book"  
council   assembly  
Uthman   conquered land and expanded empire- murdered  
Ali   tried to punish murders but could not- five years  
Muawiya   developed following in Syria- challenged Ali's right to rule  
Shiites- party of Ali   thought Ali should have been picked in first place- believe in Imam: took on strong spirituality: gave name to Ali- think only people to be caliph is related to Muhammad by blood  
Sunnis- claim to follow example of Muhammad   believe in the choice of the first caliphs- emphasize Muhammad's teachings- do not believe in Imam  


   


 
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Created by: efinney