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Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Rubenstein Ch 1 Key Issue 1

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Map   A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth’s surface or a portion of it.  
Map scale   The relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth’s surface.  
Cartography   The science of making maps  
Projection   A system used to transfer locations from Earth’s surface to a flat map.  
Geographic Information System   A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.  
Remote Sensing   The acquisition of data about Earth’s surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.  
Global Positioning System   A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.  
Location   the position of anything on Earth’s surface.  
Meridian   An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.  
International Date Line   An arc that for the most part follows the 180* longitude line, signifies a 24 hour change  
Latitude   Numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel, measures the distance north and south of the equator  
Longitude   The numbering system that provides the location of each meridian, measures the distance east and west of the prime meridian.  
Prime meridian   Passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England at 0* Longitude  
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)   The time in the zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0* Longitude.  
Parallel   A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians  


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