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Terminology List

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
Albin   white  
aden   gland  
angio   blood vessel  
arterio   artery  
artho   joint  
blepharo   eyelid  
bucca   cheek  
carcin   cancer  
carido   heart  
cephal   head  
cerebro   brain  
cervic   neck  
cheril   lip  
chem   drug  
chole   gall,bile  
chrom   color  
colo   colon  
costo   ribs  
cranio   skull  
cyan   blue  
cysto   bladder, sac  
cyte   cell  
derma   skin  
echo   sound  
embyr   fertiliozed ovum/ embryo  
entero   intestine  
epidemi   among the people  
erythro   red  
esophag   esophagus  
gastro   stomach  
genit   related to birth  
gingiv   gum  
gloss   tongue  
hepat   liver  
hem, hemat   blood  
hom   same,alike  
hydro   water  
hygien   healthful  
hystero   uterus  
leuko   white  
lingua   tounge  
lymoh   fluid  
mamm, mast   breast  
myelo   bone narrow  
myo   muscle  
nephro, ren   kidney  
neuro   nerve  
ocul, ophthal   eye  
odont   tooth  
onc   tumor  
oo   egg  
oophor   ovary  
orch   testis  
osteo   bone  
oto   ear  
ovario   ovary  
ped, pod   foot  
pharying   pharynx  
phleb   vein  
pneumo, pulm   lung  
procto   rectum  
psch   mind, soul  
radio   passing off rays  
rhin   nose  
salpingo   tube  
sept   infection  
soma   body  
splen   spleen  
stric   narrowing  
therm   tempature  
thrac   thorax, chest  
trach   trachea  
viscera   organ  
vit   life  
ab   away from  
acr, acro   extremities (arms and legs)  
ambi   both, both sides  
ante   before`  
anti   against  
aut   self  
bi   both, two  
brady   slow  
circum   round  
contra   against  
di   two  
diplo   double  
dys   painful, difficult  
ecto   outside  
en, endo   inside  
epi   upper, above  
ex   out, from  
hemi   half  
hyper   excessive, above, more than  
hypo   deficient, below, less than  
inter   between  
intra   inside, within  
marco   large  
mega   large  
meta   between  
micro   small  
mono   one, single  
neo   new  
para   beside, beyond  
a, an   without  
ac, ic   pertaining to  
peri   around  
poly   many, much  
post   behind, after  
pre   before, in front of  
pro   forward  
pseudo   false  
retro   backward, behind  
semi   half  
sub   below  
tachy   fast  
tele   distant, far  
trans   across  
ultra   beyond, excess  
able   capable of  
al   like, similar, pertaining to  
algia   pain  
ase   enzyme  
centre   punture  
cide   causing death  
centesis   puncture  
crine   secrete  
ectomy   surgical removal  
emesis   vomit  
emia   blood  
esthesia   sensation  
genesis, genic   origin, source  
gram, graph   pictures, record  
ia   a disease  
iasis   abnormal condition  
ic, cial, is   pertaining to  
ism   state of  
itis   inflammation  
lysis   destruction  
malacia   softening  
megaly   enlarged  
oid   like, similar  
ologist   specialist  
ology   study of  
oma   tumor  
orrhea   flow  
osis   condition of  
ostomy   surgical repair  
plegia   stoke, paralysis  
ptosis   drooping, down  
rhagia   bursting forth  
scelerosis   hardening  
scope   picture, insepection  
spasm   contraction  
stasis   to stop  
trophy   development, growth  
uria   urine  
@   at  
abd   abdomen, abdominal  
ABG   arterial blood gas  
ac   before meals  
ad lib   as desired  
adl   activities of daily living  
AIDS   acquired immune deficiency  
amb   ambulatory  
ASA   aspirin  
ASHD   arteriosclerosis heart disease  
ASAP   as soon as possible  
ax   axilla  
bid   twice a day`  
BM   bowel movement  
BP   blood pressure  
BR   bedrest  
BRP   bathroom privileges  
BS   blood sugar  
Bx   biopsy  
c   with  
Ca   calcuim  
CA   cancer  
CAT   computerized axial  
cath   catheter  
CBC   complete blood count  
CBR   complete bed rest  
cc   cubic centimeter  
CC   chief complaint  
CCU   coronary or critical care unit  
CHF   congestive heart failure  
CI   chloride  
cl liq   clear liquids  
cm   cenitmeter  
c/o   complains of  
CO2   carbon dioxide  
COPD   chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  
CS   central supply  
C&S   culture and sensitivity  
CVA   cerebral vascular accident  
D&C   dilation and curettage  
D/C of dc   discontinued, discharge  
Diff   differential white count  
DNR   do not resuscitate  
DOA   dead on arrival  
DOB   date of birth  
DON   director of nursing  
dr   dram or drainage  
dsg   dosage  
D/W   dextrose in water  
Dx   diagnosis  
EEG   electronencephalogram  
EENT   ear, eyes, nose, and throat  
EKG or ECG   electrocardiogram  
Exc   excision  
Exp   expolratory  
f   degrees fahrenheit  
FBS   fasting blood sugar  
FE   iron  
FF   force fluids  
FL or Fl   fluid  
Fx   fracture  
FUO   fever of unknown origin  
GB   gallbaladder  
Gi   gastrointestinal  
Gm   gram  
gr   grain  
gtt   drop  
GU   genitourinary  
Gyn   gynecology  
H   hydrogen  
H2O   water  
HA   headahce  
HBV   hepatitis B virus  
hct   jematrocit  
Hg   mercury  
Hgb   hemogoblin  
HOB   head of bed  
Hr, h   hour  
Ht   height  
HS   hour of sleep  
I&D   incision and drainage  
I&O   intake and output  
ICU   intensive care unit  
IM   intramuscular  
inj   injection  
int   internal, interior  
irrig   irrigation  
IV   intravenous  
IVP   intravenous pyelogym  
K   potassium  
KCL   potassium chloride  
Kg or kg   kilogram  
KUB   kidney, ureter and bladder x-ray  
L&D   labor and delivery  
L with a circle around it   left  
Lap   laparotomy  
lb   pound  
liq   liquid  
LLQ   left lower quadrant  
LP   lumbar puncture  
LUQ   left upper quadrant  
M   minim  
mEq   millequivalent  
mg   milligram  
MI   myocardial infraction  
ml   milliliter  
mm   millimeter  
MN   midnight  
MRI   magnetic resonance imaging  
Na   sodium  
NA   nurse assistant  
NaCL   sodium chloride  
ng   nasogastric  
noct   night  
NPO   nothing by night  
N/S   normal saline  
N&V   nausea and vomiting  
O2   oxygen  
O&P   ova and parasites  
Obs   obstetrics  
Od   overdose  
OD   right eye  
OOB   out of bed  
OR   operating room  
OS   left eye  
OT   occupational therapy  
OU   both eyes  
oz   ounce  
p   after  
PAP   papanicolaou smear  
Path   pathology  
PC   after meals  
PDR   physician's desk reference  
per   by or through  
pH   measure of acidity  
PID   pelvic inflammatory disease  
po   by mouth  
pre-op   before an operation  
prn   as necessary  
pt   patient or pint  
PT   physical therapy  
q   every  
qd   every day  
qh   every hour  
q2h   every 2 hours  
qhs   every night at bedtime  
qid   four a times a day  
qs   quantity sufficient  
qt   quart  
r   respiration or rectal  
r w/ a circle around it   right  
RBC   red blood cell  
RLQ   right lower quadrant  
R?O   rule out  
ROM   range of motion  
RR   recovery room  
RT   respiratory therapist  
RUQ   right upper quadrant  
Rx   prescription, take  
S&A   sugar and actenone  
S   without  
sc   subcutaneous  
SIDS   sudden infant death syndrome  
SOB   short of breath  
sp gr   specific gravity  
ss   one half  
SSE   soap solution enem  
stat   immediately  
T&A   tonsils and adenoids  
TB   tuberculosis  
tbsp   tablespoon  
TIA   transient ischemic attack  
tid   three times a day  
TLC   tender loving care  
TPR   temperature, pulse and respiration  
tsp   teaspoon  
tx   traction  
UA or U/A   urinalysis  
URI   upper respiratory infection  
UTI   urinary tract infection  
VS   vital signs  
WBC   white blood cells  
w/c   wheelchair  
wt   weight  
x   times (2x is 2 times)  
x-match   cross match  
>   greater than  
<   less than  
arrow pointing up   increse,elevate, higher  
arrow pointing down   decrease, lower  
#   number of pound sign  
1   one  
V   five  
X   ten  
L   fifty  
C   one hundred  
D   five hundred  
M   one thousand  


   






 
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