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Pharmacology chapter 10 Pulmonary Drugs

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Many pulmonary medications are designed to make breathing easier by causing   bronchodilation and reducing inflammation  
Common respiratory diseases that respond to bronchodilators include:   1. Asthma. 2. Emphysema. 3. Chronic bronchitis.  
Asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis are COPDs which stands for   Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease  
Many pulmonary medications are administered by inhalation via   MDI(Metered Dose Inhalers)  
Administration of MDIs is measured in   puffs.  
Common fast acting (short) bronchodilators include:   1.albuterol AKA Proventil or Ventolin or ProAir 2.aminophylline (phylline= bronchodilator) 3.ephedrine 4.epinephrine AKA Primatene Mist 5.Alupent 6.Maxair 7.terbutaline AKA Brethine. 8.theophylline ("theo" = bronchdilator)AKA Elixophyllin or Theo-24.  
Elixophyllin or Theo-24 (theophylline) may require TDM (therapeutic drug monitoring) because of a   narrow TI(therapeutic index)(not much room before it reaches the toxic level)  
Common long acting bronchodilators include:   9. Atrovent. 10. Serevent. 11. Dulera.  
Long acting bronchodilators should never be used alone in the treatment of asthma and should be used for the   shortest duration of time.  
Long duration is associated with an increased risk of   severe worsening of asthma symptoms.  
Bronchodilator toxicity can occur if combined with   caffeine (coffee, tea, chocolate)  
Leukotriene blockers reduce allergy related asthma and include   Singulair.  
Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (SAIDs) designed to reduce the incidence of asthma include:   1. Asmanex. 2. Pulmicort (cort=cortiosteroid) 3. Azmacort. 4. Flovent.  
Medications containing a bronchodilator and SAID used to treat asthma include:   1. Symbicort. 2. Advair. 3. Combivent.  
albuterol AKA   Proventil or Ventolin or ProAir  
epinephrine is AKA   Primatene Mist  
terbutaline is AKA   Brethine  
theophylline("theo") is AKA   Elixophyllin or Theo-24  
A MDI medication to treat asthma and emphysema is   Spiriva.  
A medication administered b.i.d.(twice a day) via nebulizer for the treatment of chronic bronchitis and emphysema is   Brovana.  
Intradermal skin tests used to detect TB(turberculosis) exposure include:   1. PPD. 2. Mantoux. 3. Tine.  
Antituberculine (TB-turberculosis) medications include:   1. INH AKA isoniazid. 2. Rifadin AKA rifampin. 3. Myambutol AKA ethambutol.  
INH is AKA   isoniazid  
Rifadin is AKA   rifampin  
Myambutol is AKA   ethambutol  
MDRTB stands for   Multi Drug Resistant TurBerculosis  
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) includes:   1. Habitrol (patch). 2. Nicoderm (patch) 3. Nicorette. 4. Nicotrol.  
NTP stands for   nicotine transdermal patch  
Non-nicotine smoking cessation drugs include:   1. clonidine AKA Catapres. 2. Zyban (ban on smoking). 3. Chantix.  
Zyban (Wellbutrin) or Chantix can cause serious neuropsychiatric symptoms such as   changes in behavior, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, suicidal thoughts and behavior, and attempted suicide.  
Mucolytics are used to   break up mucus in the lungs for easier expectoration(cough up)  
A common mucolytic is   Mucomyst.  
Mucomyst(inhale) (Acetadote - drink) is also used as an   APAP(acetaminophen) antagonist (deactivate/turn off the drug).  
A common trade name for acetaminophen is   Tylenol.  
Pneumovax is a   prophylaxis (preventive) for streptococcal pneumonia.  


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