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Chapter 3 Vocab.


a detailed, written plan for government Constitution
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses Bicameral
a group of individuals or state governments Confederation
to vote approval of Ratify
meeting of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of new constitution Constitutional Convention
agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation Great Compromise
agreement provididng that enslaved persons would count as three-fifths of other persons in determining representation in congress Three-Fifths Compromise
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president Electoral College
supporters of the constitution Federalists
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states Federalism
those who opposed ratification of the constitution Anti-Federalists
the opening section of the constitution Preamble
the lawmaking branch of government Legislative Branch
the branch of government that carries out laws Executive Branch
the branch of government that interprets laws Judicial Branch
any change in the constitution Amendment
the notion that power lies with the people Popular Sovereignty
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern Rule of Law
the split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Seperation of Powers
a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of others Checks and Balances
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution. Expressed Powers
powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states. Reserved Powers
powers shared by the state and federal governments Concurrent Powers
Created by: jasmine.nambo
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