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abstract art art that departs from natural or realistic appearances
Abstract Expressionism art movement of mid-20th century that emphasized spontaneous and dramatic personal expression in large abstract paintings
acoustics the science of sound, concerned primarily with the production, propagation, and perception of sound
Acrylic a paint made of color pigments with a synthetic polymer as a binder; it does not darken or yellow with age
Addition when a sculptor adds or combines material (sometimes called built sculpture)
harmony (music) wo or more tones played or sung at the same time; the composition and progression of chords, simultaneous sounds, and counterpoint
hedonism he pursuit of pleasure as a matter of ethical principle
Heresy challenge to or rejection of the orthodox doctrines of a religion or church
hero's journey the mythic quest in pursuit of some destination or goal whose attainment will lend greater meaning to life
high comedy omedy which is subtle, sophisticated, tasteful and intellectual
High relief culptural relief in which forms extend from the background to at least half their depth
Hinduism ominant religion of India based on worship of many gods, including Brahma, and the teachings of the Vedas and the Bhagavad Gita
hip-hop music usic developed in African-American communities during the late 1970s that features rhythmic and rhyming speech ("rapping") and a 4
homophonic music that moves from chord to chord, without undue elaboration, or with a simple melody
Hue the common name of a color (red, blue, green, yellow) and its position in the spectrum or on the color wheel
Humanism the study of the creative and intellectual contributions of human cultures
Humanities the creative and intellectual contributions of humankind
hypothetical imperatives Kantian term for actions conditioned on some goal or desire
iconoclasm deliberate destruction of religious art, imagery, icons, and other symbols or monuments
illuminated manuscript text that is decorated with ornamental designs, miniatures, or lettering, often with gold leaf or silver
Imagery employment of evocative images in works of art, especially poetry and literature, where words can summon up "mental pictures" for the reader
Impasto the thick application of paint creating a textured surface on the canvas
Impressionism movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries that emphasized simplified composition and the effect of light and color to capture a painter's visual impression
improvisation variations on a musical theme spontaneously created
improvisational dance dance that is free form movement created and performed spontaneously
Inductive reasoning reasoning that proceeds from particular facts to a general conclusion
Instrumentalism philosophic theory that ideas are instruments of response and adaptation to a given situation, and that their truth is to be judged in terms of their effectiveness
Intaglio a printing technique in which an image is printed from a recessed design incised or etched into the surface of a plate
Intensity the strength, or purity of a color
intermezzo a composition which is performed between acts of a play or movements of a larger musical work
interval the difference in pitch between tones, usually expressed in the number of steps
Ionic order classical Greek architectural style that features a fluted column shaft, capitals with volutes (spiral scroll-like ornaments) and a large base
Islam monotheistic religion based on the Qur'an and teaching that there is only one God and that Mohammed is his prophet
Jainism ancient Hindu religion which emphasizes harmlessness (nonviolence) and renunciation
jazz dance movements and gestures inspired by jazz
jazz fusion form of jazz that began in the 1970s and combines jazz with other genres, including rock and rhythm and blues
jazz music musical style developed by African-Americans at the beginning of the 20th century that is an amalgamation of African and European music, featuring improvisation, syncopation, polyrhythms and the use of "swing time"
jeté in ballet, a leap, pushing off from one leg and landing on the other
Judaism monotheistic religion of the Jews based on the Torah; Jews believe that they are God's Chosen People meant to live a holy and ethical life
jump cut immediate transition from one moment in a shot to a later moment in the same shot, causing an abrupt shift in the subject's position
Juxtaposition the side-by-side placement of objects in an artwork or composition
karma the belief that the good and evil a person does will return either in this life or in a later one
key a specific scale, determined by the first note in that scale, which dominates in a section of music
Law of the Golden Section law that expresses the most aesthetically satisfying relationship between the two sides of a plane (for example, a rectangle); the ratio is 1 to 1.68
leap of faith Kierkegaard's notion that belief in God requires us to overcome any rational doubts and embrace faith
libertarianism political philosophy which emphasizes personal and individual liberty above collective social interests
Line (art) the path of a moving point through space
line (dance) compositional element of dance which describes the linear nature of the body's positioning
linear perspective creation of the illusion of depth based on the fact that parallel lines or edges appear to converge, and objects appear smaller as the distance between them and a viewer increases
Linear sculpture a sculpture employing two-dimensional materials
Lithography a printing technique employing the antipathy of oil and water; a flat surface with a design area (image) that is ink-receptive is printed and the non-printed area is ink-repellent
Logic thinking in a linear, step-by-step manner about ideas or problems
long shot camera shot where the subject(s) are at a distance that gives them context, devoting about half of the frame to the actor(s), emphasizing their surroundings
low comedy comedy which is often vulgar, rude, coarse and physical
Low relief sculptural relief that projects very little from the background; also called bas-relief
madrigal a polyphonic vocal work, usually written for four or five voices, setting a pastoral poem to music, performed without instrumental accompaniment, and intended for secular use
Mahabharata major religious epic of ancient India and a major text of Hinduism
Mahayana Buddhist discipline that emphasizes selfless action on behalf of others
Manipulation when a sculptor shapes the material by hand (modeling clay or other materials)
Mannerism art movement of the Late Renaissance that emphasized artificiality, clashing colors, and emotional themes
Mass (art) the size, shape, and volume of three-dimensional forms
mass (music) a vocal composition including the sung portions of the Roman Catholic liturgy, primarily in Latin
master shot uninterrupted shot of an entire scene, usually used as a timing and pacing reference during the editing process
Materialism philosophical position that all processes, phenomena, and objects
megaliths large stone monuments of the Neolithic period (such as Stonehenge)
melodrama a drama with exaggerated characters and plot intended to appeal to the emotions
melody succession of tones in a given sequence that possesses certain subjective qualities - a perceivable coherence, an inevitability, and a sense of completion
Mesolithic art art of the Middle Stone Age, circa 10,000-8,000 B.C.E.
Metaphor a figure of speech in which something is explained in terms of something else
meter grouping of beats into measures
microliths small stone tools, usually made of flint or chert, from the Mesolithic period
haiku Japanese verse form with three lines of five, seven, and five syllables often alluding to the subject of nature or the seasons
halakhah Rabbinic religious law
Harlem Renaissance period of vibrant African-American cultural and intellectual life during the 1920s and 1930s, centered in New York City's Harlem neighborhood
Harmony (art) congruity or compatibility of parts with one another and with the whole; the state of all elements being in perfect balance
suspension of disbelief an audience's willingness to accept events onstage as true or plausible during a performance
Symbolism use of a symbol, object, or image to represent something else (that is, a concept or idea)
Symmetry the exact duplication of elements (shapes, forms, etc) on either side of a (usually imaginary) straight-lined central axis
Sympathetic magic a mythic ceremony or ritual found in early societies designed to influence the behavior of deities or supernatural forces
symphony a full orchestral work usually in four movements
syncopation (music) in music, when normally unaccented beats are accented in a piece of music
syncopation (dance) dance that involves steps to an unstressed beat; improvised or rehearsed execution of more rhythmical step patterns
Synthesis the combination of thesis and antithesis which produces a new and higher level of truth
synthesizer electronic instrument that produces a variety of sounds by generating and combining signals of different frequencies; it can either imitate other instruments or generate unusual new sounds
Tempera a water-based paint that uses egg, glue, or casein as a binder; it dries with a flat, dull finish, which means it is not as luminous as oil paint
tempo measured pace at which a composition is played
Ten Commandments moral rules given by God to the prophet Moses, according to the Hebrew Bible
Tensile strength ability of a material to withstand bending
Texture (art) the surface quality (roughness or smoothness) of materials, either actual or implied
texture (music) a component of orchestration, referring in a descriptive way to the number of instruments playing at any one time
The Eightfold Path the Buddhist guide to a life of peace and harmony including eight directives for living a "right" life
The Forms Plato's concept that there are ideal essences (the Forms) of objects or things
The Golden Mean desirable middle between two extremes, between excess and inadequacy, as defined by Aristotle
The Hero's Journey the mythic quest in pursuit of some destination or goal whose attainment will lend greater meaning to life
the Virtues those traits of character or admirable properties allowing humans to achieve a virtuous life
The Way the path of the morally enlightened individual in Daoist teaching
theater the art of writing and producing plays, a collaborative medium of artistic expression
Theater of Alienation dramatic genre associated with Bertold Brecht which sought to create emotional distance by highlighting artificiality of the theater, so the audience would watch objectively and focus on ideas
Theater of Cruelty dramatic genre which assaults the senses through shocking scenes with a goal of alienation and entertainment
theme a musical idea repeated through a composition
tilting vertical movement of the camera from a fixed position
timbre the "color" of a tone, meaning which instrument plays it; the color or quality of the musical sound being produced
title cards explanatory printed text on cards inserted into a film
toccata musical style that allows the performer to present variations on a stated theme and display virtuosity
tonal music music that is written in a specific key
Tone (music) the basic element of music, also called a note; it is used to construct a melody
tone a single note of a definite frequency formal Islamic prayer performed by Muslims five times a day
Torah the Hebrew Bible
tracking shot camera shot that moves directly toward or away from the subject or alongside the subject through the use of a rolling platform called a dolly
tragedy a drama with a unpleasant ending, generally involving the downfall of a flawed protagonist, which often involves catharsis
tragic flaw a defect in the hero's character
Transcendentalism philosophical movement during the Romantic era that emphasized feeling over reason and the role of the individual finding an intuitive relation to the universe through solitude amid nature
Trompe l'oeil a style of painting that creates the optical illusion of three dimensionality
turning point a moment in the drama where the main character must make a crucial decision, one which will determine his fate; also called the crisis
Unities neoclassical requirements for theater: unity of time; unity of place; and unity of action
Unity when all elements in a work of art give a sense of oneness or self-contained completeness
universal values common values or ethical beliefs required for a society or community to survive and function that apply across all cultures
Utilitarianism ethical theory that the greatest good for the greatest number should be the only criterion for moral decisions
Value the relative lightness or darkness of color
Variation (art) how often an element is used and the relationship of one element to another
Vedas ancient Hindu sacred writings
Veil of Ignorance mental device to enable individuals to develop a standard of justice while remaining ignorant of their own place in or value in this imagined society
Venus figurines Paleolithic art objects depicting women with exaggerated hips and breasts; thought to be portable fertility totems.
verisimilitude the appearance of truth or reality in theater (stage set, dialogue, etc.)
Victorian photography photography in the 19th century that experimented with realistic portraits and images of literary and biblical scenes
virtue the quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong
Virtue Ethics ethical system that emphasizes moral character and development of the virtues as a basis for moral action
virtuoso a dancer who performs with great expertise or technical ability
Watercolor a vivid water-based paint, usually applied to paper, with outstanding brilliance and translucence; also, term for resulting artwork
Weathering the effect of the weather
wipe a gradual transition from one image to another, accomplished by the movement of a border, edge, or shape (such as a vertical bar or an expanding circle) between the images
world music term for global music (generally non-Western) that is "discovered" by Western audiences
wu wei Daoist concept of following one's true nature and living such that one's deeds are natural, effortless, and moral
Zen Buddhism Buddhist school found primarily in China, Japan and Korea that seeks enlightenment through meditation and the development of mental and spiritual discipline
sublime a quality of greatness or vastness that is beyond calculation, comparison, or imitation; often invoked with reference to nature
substitution when the sculptor molds or casts an artwork
subtext unstated motivations, ideas, or tensions beneath the surface of a drama's text
Subtraction when the sculptor carves or cuts away unwanted material to create the work
suite a set of short musical movements, for one or any combination of instruments, or for orchestra, played in a specific order
Sunken relief sculptural relief in which the image or design is modeled below the original surface of the background, which is not cut away
Surrealism movement of the early 20th century influenced by Freud's focus on dreams; art assembled realistic forms in fantastical contexts
suspense in drama, the creation of anticipation
Created by: mrwallace58
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