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civics vocab. ch. 3
|Numbered sections of a document; the unamended constitution is divided into seven articles.
|Basic principle that government & those who govern must obey the law; the rule of law.
|rule of law
|Concept that holds that government & its officers are always subject to the law.
|separation of powers
|basic principle of american system of gov. that the executive, legislative, & judicial powers are divided among 3 independent & coequal branches of gov.
|checks ad balances
|system of overlapping the powers of legislative, executive, and judicial branches to permit each branch to check the actions of the others.
|chief executives power to reject a bill passed by a legislature (i forbid in latin)
|the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action.
|contrary to constitutional provision & so illegal, null & void, of no force & affect.
|a system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central, or national government & several regional gov.
|a change in or addition to a constitution or law.
|change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the con. itself through one of the 4 methods set out in the con.
|bill of rights
|the first ten amendments in the con.
|a pact made with the president directly with the head of a foreign state; a binding international agreement with the force of law but which does not require senate consent.
|a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states.
|group of persons chosen in each state & the district of Columbia every 4 years who make a formal selection of the president & V.P.
|presidential advisory body, traditionally made up of the heads of the executive department & other officers.
|custom that the senate will not approve a presidential appointment opposed by a majority party senator from the state in which the appointee would serve
|day-to-day, year-to-year experiences of gov. under the con.