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Chapter test

8th grade social studies ch. 8&9

QuestionAnswer
Articles of Confederation Document adopted by the congenital congress in 1778 to be the outline of government.
Land Ordinance of 1785 Law that established a plan for surveying and selling the federally owned lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Northwest Territory Land that would form modern day Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and part of the Minnesota.
Shay's Rebellion Uprising of debt- ridden Massachusetts farmers.
Virginia Plan Proposed by Edmund Randolph that a government with three branches and two houses should have representation based on population.
New Jersey Plan Plan that has one house of legislation in which each state would receive one vote.
Great Compromise Agreement to establish a two house legislature with one house based on population and the other granting each state on representation.
Three-Fifths Compromise Agreement to count 3/5 of the slave population in each state towards representation.
Federalist Supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong national government.
Antifederalist People who opposed the ratification of the constitution and supports strong state government.
Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, consisting of a formal list of citizens' rights and freedoms.
Tariff Tax on goods, usually imports
Treaty of Greenville Treaty following the Native American defeat at Fallen Timber. Forced Native Americans to surrender present day Ohio and Indiana to the US.
Whiskey Rebellion 1794 rebellion against the government's tax on whiskey where protestors attacked tax collectors and organized an armed rebellion.
Jay's Treaty An agreement that ended dispute over American shipping during the French Revolution and agreement by the British to leave the Ohio River Valley
Weaknesses of the Articles Federal government was too weak, too many forms of currency, and vulnerable to enemies
Effects of Shay's Rebellion People began to realize a stronger national government was needed. A weak national government could protect its people and ensure domestic tranquility.
Why was the Bill of Rights created? protects citizens rights and freedoms under national law, helps protect people from the power of the national government
Federalist stronger national government, one person to head the executive branch, checks & balances, supported constitution
Antifederalists stronger state government, feared a strong executive, bill of rights, legislative is greater than executive
3 parts of Hamilton's Financial Plan 1. Pay off all war debt 2. Raising government revenues 3. Create a National Bank
Secretary of State for Washington Jefferson
Secretary of War Knox
Secretary of the Treasury Hamilton
Attorney General Randolph
Duties of the Secretary of State oversaw foreign relations
Duties of the Secretary of War managed defenses
Duties of the Secretary of the Treasury managed the nation's money
Duties of the Atorney General Advised on legal affairs
Who created the Bill of Rights James Madison
What State did not attend the Constitutional Convention Rhode Island
Created by: katiesmith