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roots of gov't

rule of law this idea borrowed from the magna carta means that both the government and the people being governed most obey the laws
separations of powers this is when power of the government is divided into different branches each with different jobs
republic this is the idea borrowed from Rome that citizens choose a smaller group to represent them make laws and govern them
justinian this is the ruler who organized roman laws into an orderly code of laws
montesquieu this philosopher said that the best way to limit government is to separate and balance its power
magna carta this is a document that the nobles made king john sign in 1215 it included equal treatment
code of hammurabi this ruler is responsible for the first written code of laws
john locke this is the philosopher that believed in social contract
social contract this is the idea that people in society agree to give up part of their freedom to a government
common law this is the system of law borrowed from england
precedent when deciding a court case a judge may look back at similar cases in the past
natural rights this is the right all humans have life liberty and the right to own property
Created by: mariarodriguez