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rootsofthe u.s. gov.

QuestionAnswer
Natural Rights. This is the right all humans have-LIFE, LIBERTY, and the right to OWN PROPERTY.
Republic. This is the idea borrowed from Rome that citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern them.
Common Law. This is the System of law borrowed from England based on COURT decisions instead of written laws.
Code of Hammurabi. This ruler is responsible for the FIRST WRITTEN code of laws.
Rule of Law. this idea borrowed from the Magna Carta means that BOTH the GOVERMENT5 and the people being GOVERNED must obey the laws.
John Locke. This is the philosopher who believed in social contract and said that the people should overthrow a government that breaks that contract and does not protect their rights.
Separation of Powers. This is when the power of the government is divided into different branches, each with different jobs.
Magna Carta. This is a document that the nobles made King JOHN sign in 1215. It included equal treatment, trial by jury, and rule of law.
Justinian. This is the ruler who organized Roman laws into an orderly CODE of laws.
Social Contract. This is the idea that people in society agree to give up part of their freedom to a a government as long as that government protects their natural rights.
Precedent. When deciding a court case, a judge may look back at similar cases in the past. A decision made in an earlier case is called:
Montesquieu. This philosopher said that the best way to limit government is to separate and balance its power, such as the 3 branches we have today.(L,E,J)
Created by: erickq