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NWHSU Mash GA1 T1

NWHSU Mash Gross Anatomy 1 Test 1

QuestionAnswer
joint SUBtype that is a secondary cartilagenous joint Fibrocartilage joint
Besides bones being united by firbrocartilage and a permanent joint, list 2 characterisitics of a symphysis joint (as mentioned in lecture). secondary cartilaginous joint?, slightly movable (amphiarthrosis functional classification only used with this type of joint: Symphysis/Fibrocartiligous Joint, e.g. intervertebral discs, Symphysis Pubis)?
specific joint type of sacroiliac joint in early life cartilaginous
joint SUBtype that is usually a temporary joint. Hyaline Cartilage
List 4 characteristics of a synchondrosis. primary cartilage, temporary joint, made of hyaline cartilage, immovable
SPECIFIC joint SUB type of the proximal tibiofibular joint Gliding
SPECIFIC joint SUBtype of the acromioclavicular Gliding
SPECIFIC joint SUBtype of the sternoclavicular joint. Gliding/Plane Joint
SPECIFIC joint SUBtype of the joint between the clavicle and scapula Gliding
a uniaxial joint SUBtype with movement around an axis transverse to the body Hinge
specific axis used in adduction Midsaggital
SPECIFIC joint SUBtype of the metacarpophalangeal Condyloid
Name ALL joint SUBtypes of the uniaxial variety. Hinge, Trochoid
Name ALL joint SUBtypes of the biaxial variety. ellipsoid, sellar, condyloid
a biaxial joint SUBtype with possibly some rotation Condyloid
uniaxial joint with some rotation trochoid/pivot joint
specific type of suture of which the sagittal is an example. Serrate Suture
limbous suture of the skull Coronal Suture
limbous suture of skull serrated & overlapping (coronal)
specific type of suture of which the lamboidal is an example. Denticulate Suture
specific type of joint where suture coronal example limbous
specific type of suture of which lambdoidal is an example denticulate suture
The______joint is an example of a sellar joint. carpometacarpal joint of the thumb
SPECIFIC joint SUBtype of the vomer and sphenoid. Schindylesis
joint SUBtype where a ridged bone fits in a groove. Schindylesis
Name two specific joint SUBtypes that are capable of unlimited extension, flexion, abduction, adduction, and circumduction ONLY (according to lecture notes) ellipsoid, sellar
in detail describe movements & specific structure of trochoid joint rotation around the longitudinal axis thru center of pivot (surrounded by an osteoligamentous ring) where the pivot may rotate within the ring, or the ring may rotate around the pivot
name all specific joint subtypes capable of extension & flexion ball & socket (a.k.a. spheroid, enarthrosis), hinge, ellipsoid, sellar, condyloid
List all possible movements in a sellar joint. flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction
List all possible movements in a spheroidal joint flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction, rotation
besides tension of ligaments, muscles, tendons, give 2 items determining motion at any particular joint angle of pull, material present, shape
IN DETAIL describe the movements and specific structure of a trochoid joint. It has a bony pivot & an osteo ligamentous ring. The ring can rotate around the bony pivot or the pivot can rotate inside the ring.
Define abductin of the fingers (be specific). Movement away from midplane (3rd digit) of hand
Define inversion of the foot. bending at the ankle, moving the sole of foot to point medially
Define eversion of the foot. Bend ankle so that sole of foot faces laterally
Define abduction of the thumb. Be specific. move thumb anteriorly
Define opposition. from anatomical position, moving the thumb to the tip of a finger
Define dorsiflexion. Bending at the ankle, lift foot/toes upward
Define clinical hyperextension. Extension beyond normal range of movement, an injury
define "condyle" rounded projection for articulation
define abduction of toes move away from the 2nd digit toe
define flexion decrease in angle between articulating bones
define fossa shallow depression
define supination in upper limb palms face anteriorlly
movement in which a bone describes the surface of a cone. circumduction
shallow groove or furrow but NOT slit, cleft, deep groove sulcus
also known as an 'enarthrosis' spheroidal (or ball & socket) joint
anatomical term meaning "a ridge of bone" crest
in reference to bones, anatomical term meaning a "cleft". sulcus
besides the term foramen, another term meaning "a passage or channel" meatus
in reference to bones, anatomical term meaning "a LARGE ROUNDED elevation", but it is NOT articular or a trochanter. Tuberosity?
In reference to osteology, define the MEANING of the term "crest". a bony ridge
List the 5 components of the AXIAL skeleton. skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum, hyoid bone
projection lateral to capitulum of humerus lateral epicondyle
small bump on scapula immediately superior to glenoid fossa supraglenoid tubercle
pulley-like medial articulating surface located at distal end of humerus trochlea
shallow groove on superior posterior surface of humerus; groove passes inferiorly from medial to lateral Spiral Groove/Sulcus of the Radial N.
landmark on the anterior surface of radius, distal to the neck; an insertion site for the biceps brachii Radial Tuberosity
name given to landmark between greater and lesser tubercles of humerus Intertubercular Sulcus/Bicipital Groove
large anterior proximal indentation of ulna articulates with humerus trochlear notch
large bony projection of humerus just lateral to head greater tubercle
large depression on posterior humerus immediately proximal to trochlea olecranon fossa
large posterior proximal projection on ulna olecranon process
groove on posterior, inferior surface of medial epicondyle (upper limb) groove for ulnar nerve
bump-like landmark located posterolaterally on inferior surface clavicle conoid tubercle
The______(landmark) of the______(bone) articulates with the capitulum of the humerus. head, Radius
elevation at the base of the coronoid process (just inferior to coronoid process); located on anterior surface of ulna Ulnar Tuberosity
anteriorly elevated landmark at the base of (i.e. just inferior to) the coronoid process Ulnar Tuberosity
narrowed region radius immediately distal to its head neck
landmark on the superior border of the scapula IMMEDIATELY medial to coracoid process Scapular Notch
anterior lip of the trochlear notch of the ulna Coronoid Process
name given to entire distal end of ulna head
part of humerus that articulates with the head of the radius Capitulum
name given to the projection on the humerus just medial to the trochlea Medial Epicondyle
slight depression on anterior surface of the humerus IMMEDIATELY proximal to the capitulum Radial Fossa
slight ridge-like landmark running laterally from the conoid tubercle Trapezoid Line
Line is located laterally, on the inferior surface of the clavicle Trapezoid
slightly concave surface of the lateral angle of scapula; it articulates with the head of the humerus Glenoid Fossa
elevated landmark on the anterolateral surface of humerus, just superior to midshaft Deltoid Tuberosity
bluntly pointed projection on the lateral, distal surface of the radius Styloid Process
slightly concave anterior surface of the scapula Subscapular Fossa
shallow groove on the superior posterior surface of the humerus; the groove passes inferiorly from medial to lateral Spiral Groove/Sulcus of the Radial N.
large foramen inferior to the acetabulum Obturator Foramen
The greater sciatic notch is located immediately between the (name the bony landmarks)______ABOVE and the______BELOW. Posterior Inferior Iliac Spine, Ischial Spine
Name the landmarks: The lesser sciatic notch is located between the ______ABOVE and the______BELOW. Ischial Spine, Ischial Tuberosity
bump like projection located on upper border of superior ramus of pubis; toward medial end ramus pubic tubercle
large posterior, inferior protuberance located IMMEDIATELY inferior to the lesser sciatic notch of the ischium Ischial Tuberosity
line extends laterally from pubic tubercle along superior ramus pubic crest
larger lateral projection at the base of neck of femur greater trochanter
name of the SMOOTH articulating surface on the periphery of the acetabulum Lunate Surface
inferior part of pubis that articulates with the ischium Inferior Ramus
name given to posterior termination of iliac crest PSIS (Posterior Superior Iliac Spine)
name of superior margin of wing/ala of ilium iliac crest
bump-like landmark on pubis; it is a projection on the cranial border of the medial portion of the superior ramus Pubic Tubercle
specific named LINE located between two other lines on the outer surface of the wing/ala of the ilium Middle Gluteal Line
slightly raised landmark on the ilium; it begins at the notch between the two anterior spines and curves toward the greater sciatic notch Inferior Gluteal Line
pectineal line of femur is located between what 2 bony landmarks? lesser trochanter & Linea aspera
posterior, medial projection at base neck femur lesser trochanter
roughened area IMMEDIATELY superior to the lateral lip of the linea aspera Gluteal Tuberosity
ridge on posterior surface of the femur between the two trochanters Intertrochanteric Crest (remember posTerior cresT)
posterior and medial bump-like projection at the base of the neck of the femur Lesser Trochanter
medial projection off the distal end of the tibia Medial Malleolus
distal, medial articulating surface of femur medial condyle
named groove on calcaneus, inferior to sustentaculum tali groove for hallucis longus
named part of ilium forms part of acetabulum (not fossa, marin, lunate surface) body
named pit in head of femur fovea capitis
expanded distal, lateral end of fibula lateral malleolus
name given to the pointed apex of the head of the fibula Styloid Process
shelf-like projection on the superior medial aspect of the calcaneus - articulates with talus superiorly Sustentaculum Tali
specific name given to the surface of the ilium that articulates with the sacrum Auricular Surface
projection on top medial surface of medial epicondyle of femur- for attach certain muscle adductor tubercle
small ridge running between 2 trochanters of femur on anterior surface for iliofemoral ligament Intertrochanteric Line (remember aNterior liNe)
roughened inner area of ilium immediately superior to auricular surface site of ligament attachment iliac tuberosity
shelf-like projection on superior medial aspect of calcaneus; articulates superiorly with talus Sustentaculum Tali
smooth, triangular area on posterior distal femur just below where lips of linea aspera diverge popliteal fossa
specific landmark located just under inferior surface of sustentaculum tali of calcaneus groove for flexor hallucis longus
number of bones in the appendicular skeleton. 126
number of bones in adult vertebral column 26
number of bones in upper extremity 64
List the bones of the shoulder girdle. Clavicle, Scapula and Humerus
List from LATERAL TO MEDIAL the DISTAL row of carpal bones. Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate
carpal bone in distal row Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, or Hamate
carpal bone in part articulates wtih 4th & 5th metacarpal and triquetral hamate
carpal bone that articulates with both the radius and trapezium Scaphoid
medial bone of the leg Tibia
specific bone which proximal end of 1st metatarsal articulates 1st (a.k.a. medial) cuneiform
The 1st and 2nd cuneiform bones articulate posteriorly with the______bone. Navicular
The 3rd/lateral cuneiform bone articulates LATERALLY with primarily the______bone. Cuboid
navicular bone of foot articulates posteriorly with which bone talus
True or false: the 1st and 2nd cuneiform bones articulate posteriorly with the navicular bone? TRUE
name 2 bones with groove for peroneus longus tendon cuboid 5th metatarsal
bone that has a groove for the tendon of fibularis/peroneus longus running along its INFERIOR surface; however, the bone has NO groove for flexor hallucis longus Cuboid
besides cuneiforms, name tarsals talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid
The os coxa bone is formed by what fused parts? Ilium, Ishcium, Pubis
Name the bony component(s) forming the acetabulum Ilium, Ishcium, Pubis
atypical rib 1,2,11,12
Give the rib number (s) (1-12) with the following characteristics: a) no tubercle b)classified as vertebrosternal c)tuberosity for the serratus anterior d) articulates with the sternal angle a)11-12, b) 1-7 c) 2 d) 2
Give the rib number (s) (1-12) with the following characteristics: a)classified as vertebrochondral b)grooves for the subclavian artery and vein c)have/has a single facet on the head d)articulates completely or in part with manubrium a) 8-10 b) 1 c) 1,11,12 d) 1, 2
Give the part of the vertebral column (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx) with the following landmarks: a)inferior articular facets face MOSTLY downward b)contain most mammillary processes c)the most downward sloping spines d)lateral crest a) cervical b) lumbar c) thoracic d) sacrum
Give the part of the vertebral column (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx) with the following landmarks: a)superior articular facets face MOSTLY medially b)contain most mammillary processes c)horn d)anterior and posterior tubercles a) lumbar b) lumbar c) coccyx d) cervical
Give the part of the vertebral column (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx) with the following landmarks: a)inferior articular facets face MOSTLY laterally b)median crest c)gutters d)anterior and posterior tubercles a) lumbar b) sacrum c) cervical d) cervical
Give the part of the vertebral column (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx) with the following landmarks: a)inferior articular facets face MOSTLY anteriorly b) transverse ridges c)most downward sloping spines d) promontory a) thoracic b)sacrum c) thoracic d)sacrum
which part of the vertebral column contain most of accessory processes? lumbar
which part of the vertebral column contain most of mammillary processes lumbar
which part of the vertebral column contain uncinate processes cervical
which part of the vertebral column contains promontory sacrum
which part of the vertebral column contains the Inferior articular facets which face mostly downward cervical
which part of the vertebral column has a bifid spinous processes? cervical
which part of the vertebral column has a hiatus? sacrum
which part of the vertebral column has a horn? coccyx
which part of the vertebral column has a median crest sacrum
which part of the vertebral column has has superior articular facets which face mostly medially lumbar
which part of the vertebral column has superior articular facets facing mostly upward cervical
which part of the vertebral column has the most downward sloping spines Thoracic
which part of the verterbral column has inferior articular facets which face mostly laterally? Lumbar
name the part of the vertebral column (C, T, L, S, Co) with anterior and posterior tubercles Cervical
name the part of the vertebral column (C, T, L, S, Co) with gutters Cervical
name the part of the vertebral column (C, T, L, S, Co) with transverse ridges Sacrum
name the part of the vertebral column where inferior articular facets face most laterally lumbar
List 4 characteristics of symphysis. 1. secondary cartilaginous joint 2. permanent 3. bones united by fibrocartilage 4. slightly movable
Define anatomical hyperextention. Extension beyond the anatomical position
Give the rib number (1-12) with the following characteristics: a.) classified as floating b.) attached ONLY to the BODY of the sternum 11-12, 3-6
Created by: AnatomyMash