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Intro_CH.1 Key Terms

Introduction to OT (4th ed.) - O'Brien & Hussey - CH.1_terms

QuestionAnswer
Activity state or condition of being involved (participant); general class of human actions that is goal-directed.
Areas of occupation Various life activities including ADL, IADL, education, work, play, leisure, & social participation.
Contrived activities Activities that may include some of the same skills required for the occupation; these activities are used to help stimulate the actual activity & may help get the client ready.
Function action for which a person is fit; the ability to perform
Goal end toward which effort is directed
Independence state or condition of being independent (self-reliant)
Media the means by which therapeutic effects are transmitted
Occupation activity in which one engages that is meaningful & central to one's identity
Occupation-centered activities are performed in the natural setting (physical, social, & temporal), ex. Preparing lunch at noon in the client's own home using their tools
Occupational performance the ability to carry out activities in the areas of occupation
Occupational therapist One who uses occupation, purposeful activity, stim. activities, & prep. methods to max. the independence & health of any client who's limited by physical injury/illness, cognitive impairment, psychosocial dysfunct., mental illness,or a developmental or LD
Occupational therapy a goal-directed activity that promotes independence in function; using meaningful occupations & purposeful activities to promote function & participation in life activities
Occupational therapy assistant an allied health paraprofessional who, under the direction of an OT, directs individual's participation in selected tasks to restore, reinforce, enhance performance, & promote & maintain health
occupational therapy practitioner OT or OTA
patient person served in a hospital or rehab setting
preparatory activities helps get the client ready for the purposeful activity; ex. ROM exercises, strengthening, stretching
Purposeful activity an activity used in treatment that is goal directed; individual is an active voluntary participant; has both inherent & therapeutic goals
Therapy treatment of an illness or disability
Created by: sheaton