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Chapter 2 History

History Ch. 1 Sec. 1

geography The study of the physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth. The physical structure of a particular region; terrain
latitude measurements along the north and south from the equator.
longitude measurements along the west and east from the Prime Meridian.
natural resources materials that humans can take from the environment to survive.
irrigation bridging water to dray lands.
cartographer a mapmaker
map projection drawing of the map on a flat surface.
thematic map maps that deal with specific topics.
confederation the act of forming an alliance
constitution the supreme law of some countries, such as Australia, Ireland, and the US
commerce to carry on trade
culture area a region in which people share a similar way of life.
tribe a community of people who share common customs, language, and rituals
pit house houses dug into the ground and covered with wood and skins.
potlatch ceremonial dinner, to show off its wealth.
kachina were spirits who were represented by masked native american dancers.
clan a group of two or more related families.
league of the Iroquis a religious leader named Dekanawida inspired Hiawatha to organize an alliance
sachem a council of 50 specially chosen tribal leaders.
first global age the amount of long distance trade and travel increased, people moved along Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.
Islam a religion in Arabia
Quran the sacred book of Islam called Muslims
Silk Road muslim traders traveled the overland routes that crossed the grasslands, mountains, and deserts of Central Asia and Linked china and the Middle East. Chinese traded silk along this road.
caravan groups of people who traveled together for safety
city-state a large town that has its own government and controls the surrounding countryside.
Swahili Arabic words and local African languages blended together to make this language.
savana a region of grasslands
extended family several generations living in one household together.
kinship sharing a common ancestor
salvation everlasting life
missionaries people who spread Christian teachings across Europe
direct democracy a form of government in which ordinary citizens have power to govern
republic a system of government in which citizens choose representatives to govern them
fedalism a system of rule by lords who ruled their lands but owed loyalty and military service to the monarch
manor castle with lands that include several villages
crusades a series of wars fought by christians
astrolabe a useful instrument that helped sailors determine their latitude while at sea
renaissance french for rebirth; time of discovery and art, science, and medicine
Created by: catherine6900