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short story terms


setting X where a story takes place
Mood X the mood is usually determined by the setting; how the story makes you feel
theme X the author's lesson or message
Conflict X A problem
internal conflict X the conflict is created when a character must make a difficult decision
person vs. self X A difficult decision
External conflict X A conflict caused by an outside force
man vs. man X conflict between two people
man vs. fate X one person in conflict with any force of nature
man vs. nature X dealing with mother nature, weather, animals, and even death
Plot X sequence of events
exposition X all background information is given
Narrative hook X setting, characters, ETC..
climax X point of highest interest; the turning point
conclusion X all events leading to a conclusion resolution ending
narrator X "person" telling the story-not the author
tone X narrator/ authors attitude towards the story
point of view X relationship between narrator and reader
1st person X narrator is part of the story
3rd limited X narrator tells story from 1st persons view
3rd omniscient X all knowing narrator; not bound by time or place
characters X "people" in the story
major X main/most important characters
protagonist X is mostly the good guy in the story, or hero
antagonist X the opposite of the protoganist, the bad guy in the story
minor X "supporting" characters
dynamic character X character who changes in the story
static character X character who does not change at all
indirect characterization X personality is revealed by thoughts or action
direct characterization X the narrator tells you about a character
symbol X something that represents/ stands for something
irony X difference between appearance and reality
foreshadowing X hints about what would happen later in a story
flash back X narrator tells about something that happened in the past
simile X camparison of 2 unlike things using "like" or "as"; direct comparison
metaphor X comparison of 2 unlike things by saying 1 is the other; indirect comparison
personification X comparison to non-human things
Rising action X main problem/ conflict is revealed
Falling action X all of the action in a play that follows the turning point
Created by: isaiarroyo
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