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Story Elements

Story elements and their defintions

theme underlying message in a story; the lesson the story teaches about life.
plot It is the sequence of events in a story or play. The plot is a planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end.
characters the individuals or animals/things who take part in the story and the story is about
setting The time and location in which a story takes place .
conflict the problem in the story...all stories have a conflict
rising action This is where the events in the story become complicated /conflict is revealed.
climax/turning point This is the highest point of interest and the turning point of the story. The big event in a story.
falling action The events and complications begin to resolve themselves.
resolution how the problem is solved
point of view whose voice tells the story or gives us the crucial information we need to understand what is happening
protagonist The main character who is usually, but not always a "good guy"
antagonist The character who opposes or works against the main character/protagonist and is usually a"bad guy" or force
foreshadowing a hint about what will happen later in the story
introduction (also called exposition) The beginning of the story where the characters and the setting is revealed.
Internal conflict the problem that is going on inside a character’s thoughts (man vs. himself).
External conflict a problem that occurs outside of the characters control (man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. society).
Man vs nature A person in conflict with the elements of nature
Man vs society A person in conflict with a set of rules in a community
Man vs self A person in conflict with himself
First person point of view Tells only one persons actions and feelings. Uses I, me, we us.
Third person objective point of view A narrator only tells you about what one person does and says
Third person limited point of view A narrator can see into the mind of one character only
Third person omniscient point of view A narrator knows can see into the minds on multiple or all characters.
Man vs man A person or animal in conflict with another person or animal
Characteristics descriptions of how the character looks (age, height, color, clothing, features, etc.)
Character Traits how a character acts (nice, mean, helpful, curious, brave, etc.)
Created by: Mags