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Poetry Terms

Free Verse No verse is free if it uses a common language because every human language is an overweening system of regulation and bondage that no speaker can escape without landing in unintelligibility
Accentual-Syllabic verse Verse that depends for its rhythm both on the number of syllables per line and on the pattern of accented and unaccented syllables; The basic measures in English poetry
Ballad A form of verse to be sungor recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode in simple narrative form.
Enjambment The continuation of the sense and grammatical construction of a line on to the next verse or couplet; Occurs in run-on lines and offers contrast to end-stopped lines.
Foot The unit of rhythm in verse, whether quantitative or accentual-syllabic.
Blank Verse Unrhythmed but otherwise regular verse, usually iambic pentameter; generally accepted as that best adapted to dramatic verse in English, is commonly used for long poems whether dramatic, philosophic or narrative.
Haiku A form of Japanese poetry that gives-usually in three lines of five, seven and five syllables-a clear picture designed to arouse a distinct emotion and suggest a specific spiritual insight
Limerick A form of light verse that follows a definite pattern: five anapestic lines of which the first, second, and fifth, consisting of three feet,rhyme: and the third and fourth lines, consisting of two feet, rhyme.
Epigram A pithy saying; often antithetical as "Man proposes, but God disposes" or "Only deserving of scorn are apprehensive of it"
Triolet One of the simpler French forms. It consists of eight lines, the first two being repeated as the last two, and the first line recurring also as the fourth. There are only two rhymes and their arrangement is AB AA ABAB
Villanelle A fixed nineteen-line form, originally French, employing only two rhymes and repeating two of the lines according to a set pattern. ABA ABA ABA ABA ABA ABAA
Sestina consists of six six-lined stanzas and three lined envoy. Usually unrhymed, the effect of the rhyme geing taken over by a fixed pattern of end-words.
Internal rhyme Rhyme that occurs at place before the last syllables in a line.
Meter The recurrence in poetry of a rhythmic pattern, or the rhythm established by the regular occurance of similar units of sound
Iambic A foot consisting of an unaccented syllable and an accented. The most common rhythm in English verse for many centuries
Trochaic (Trochee) a foot consisting of an accented and unaccented syllable, as in the word happy
Anapestic Consisting of three syllables, with two accented syllables followed by an accented one.
Dactylic A foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables. As in mannikin.
Slant rhyme Near rhyme; usually the substitution of assonance or consonance for true rhyme. Also called oblique rhyme, off-rhyme and pararhyme.
End rhyme Rhyme at the ends of lines in a poem. The most common kind of rhyme
Scansion A system for describing conventional rhythms by dividing lines into feet, indicating the locations of binomial accents and counting the syllables.
Syllabic verse Verse in which the measure is determined by the number of syllables in the line.
Stanza A recurrent grouping of two or more verse lines in terms of length, metrical form and often rhyme scheme.
Couplet Two consecutive lines of verse with ehd rhymes. Formally, a two-line stanza with both grammatical structure and idea complete within itself.
Tercet A stanza of three lines, a triplet, in which each line ends with the same rhyme.
Quatrain A stanza of four lines.The possible rhyme schemes vary.
Sestet The second, six-line division of an Italian Sonnet, following the eight-line division.
Octave The eight-line division of an Italian Sonnet
Stress The emphasis given a spoken syllable.
Created by: racm