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OT History - Ch 2

OT History - Chapter 2

Moral Treatment Philosophy that all people are entitled to consideration and human compassion.
Moral Treatment Movement created by.... Philippe Pinel and William Tuke
Moral Treatment Movement in US; moral therapy to rehumanize patients Benjamin Rush (physician)
Arts and Crafts Movement in England started by... John Ruskin and William Morris
Who adapted the Arts and Crafts Movement for medical purposes Herbert Hall
Who treated neurasthenia with the "work cure?" Herbert Hall
Founded Boston Society of Arts and Crafts, was architect and suffered disabling conditions, founded Consolation House where occupation was used as treatment method George Edward Barton
Father of OT William Rush Dunton, Jr.
Wrote Occupational Therapy: A Manual for Nurses William Rush Dunton, Jr.
Mother of OT, used "habit training"; organized 1st professional school for OT practitioners Eleanor Clarke Slagle
1st OT; Nursing instructor involved in arts and crafts movement and in training of nurses in use of occupations; wrote Studies in Invalid Occupations Susan Tracy
Advocate for high educational standards and for training of practitioners Susan Cox Johnson
Vocational rehabilitation and TB movement Thomas Kidner
AOTA's first name National Society for the Promotion of OT
Expressed point of view that eventually formed philosophical base of profession; committed to holistic perspective; Dr. Adolph Meyer suggested that mental illness is a disorder of personality rather than brain pathology; founder of Psychobiology. Adolf Meyer
Who wrote Principles of OT Dunton
Act that established a program of vocational rehabilitation for soldiers disabled on active duty Soldier's Rehabilitation Act
Provided federal funds to states on 50-50 matching for vocational rehab services to civilians w/ physical disabilities Civilian Vocational Rehabiliation Act
Founded in 1965 to promote research in OT through financial support American OT Foundation (AOTF)
Legislation that emphasized rights of the disabled (several parts) Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Established free and appropriate education for children; Made it required for each child to have an IEP: Individualized Education Plan Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975
Extends to include children ages 3-5; Initiates new early intervention programs for children from birth to 3 years; Primary service in this amendment is OT Handicapped Infants and Toddlers Act (1986)
addressed availability of assistive technology devices to individuals with disabilities. Technology Related assistance for Individuals w/ Disabilities Act of 1988
1983 this changed how health care money was dispersed; Schedule delineated what was paid for Medicare beneficiaries; Payment set by categories called DRG’s: diagnostic related groups Prospective Payment Systems (PPS)
How did PPS change healthcare? Organization of hospitals and care delivery occurred; Patient length of stay in acute care hospitals decreased; Increase in use of Long-term Care facilities and home health services.
OT Certification Board National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT)
gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities like those provided on basis of race, sex, origin, and religion; guarantees = opportunity employment, accommodations, transportation, government services, telecommunications. American w/ Disabilities Act (1990)
renaming of the All Handicapped Children Act; requires schools to educate students in the Least Restrictive Environment.(LRE); Major focus of this act is to improve educational results of children with disabilities. Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)
Reduce Medicare spending; intended to put a cap of therapy services of 1,500 per person receiving OT services; also had caps for speech and PT); multiple moratoriums (or holds) on implementing the CAPS. Balanced Budget Act of 1997
Revised Uniform Technology OT Practice Framework (OTPF)
Why OTPF? Assist OT practitioners to examine current practice and consider emerging practice areas; assist the external audiences, such as third party payers, to understand occupational therapy’s UNIQUE focus; reflects roots b/c it centers around occupation!
Emerging areas of practice aging in place; driving assessments and training; community health and wellness; ergonomics consultant; tech and device devt and consulting; needs of children and youth
AOTA Centennial vision “We envision that occupational therapy is a powerful, widely recognized, science-driven, and evidence based profession with a globally connected and diverse workforce meeting society's occupational needs.”
Incorporated work treatment for the insane; occupation for diversion Philippe Pinel
Halfway house; quaker traditions of respect and compassion; patients were treated like children William Tuke
Created by: jxlab2aa
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