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History7 FinalReview

The Civil War

Assassinated President Lincoln John Wilkes Booth
Name given to the people who moved to the south to make money from reconstruction Carpetbaggers
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
General of the U.S. Army, later president Ulysses S. Grant
General of the Confederate States of America Robert E. Lee
President of the United States during the Civil War Abraham Lincoln
The name for the time period of rapid industrial growth Industrial Revolution
A war within one country-one side fights against the other Civil War
Advantages of North More people-more soldiers Leadership of Lincoln More ships-controlled shipping More factories-convert for war More railroads
Disadvantages of North Not fighting for a "cause" Generals not aggressive Fighting far from home 3,500 mile coastline to blockade
Advantages of South Fighting for a cause Outstanding generals Fighting on home ground Rural lifestyle-riding and hunting Cotton sold for weapons
Disadvantages of South Few industries Fewer men-fewer soldiers Leadership of Jefferson Davis No real navy
Border between Maryland and Pennsylvania-separates free states from the slave states Mason-Dixon Line
Capital of the Confederacy of America (CSA) Richmond, VA
Capital of the United States of America (USA) Washington D.C.
South Carolina-first battle of the Civil War-C.S.A captures the fort Fort Sumter
Stopped Lee's invasion of the north-gave Lincoln the pooprtunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation-Bloodiest Battle in Military History Antietam
Turning point of the Civil War-Union victory Battle of Gettysburg
Iron clad warships-wooden ships are obsolete-battle ended in a draw Monitor (USS) and Merimack (CSS)
Union victory-Union controls the Mississippi River-cuts the Confederacy in half Battle of Vicksburg
General William T. Sherman-path of destruction through Georgia Sherman's March to the Sea
Theater where Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth Ford's Theater
Site of Robert E. Lee's surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant Appotomax Courthouse
Immediate cause of the Civil War Election of Abraham Lincoln
Other causes of the Civil War South seceded from the union Sectionalism States' rights Economic differences between the north and south-industrial revolution Plantation economics-need for slaves
Immediate result of the Civil War Nation is reunited
Other results of the Civil War South is devastated-reconstruction Abolition of slavery
Dates of the Civil War 1861-1865
Missouri was admitted to the US as a slave state and Maine was a free state to keep the slave and non slave states balanced Missouri Compromise
Book written by Harriett Beecher Stowe-described slavery-motivated people to become abolitionists Uncle Tom's Cabin
People who wanted to abolish (end) slavery Abolitionist
Blocking shops from entering ports Blockade
Independent shop owners who try to get supplies past a blockade Blockade Runners
Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri Border States
A person who is NOT part of the military Civilian
Defeat one area, then defeat another, etc. Divide and Conquer
To bring an elected official to trial for misconduct or a crime Impeachment
A group trying to stop the civil rights of former slaves (Ex. right to vote) Ku Klux Klan
The military helps with law enforcement Martial Law
Love for and loyalty to your country (patriotism) Nationalism
Rebuilding the south after the Civil War Reconstruction
Loyalty and concern for a small part of a country Sectionalism
Tax on imported goods Tariff
Underground railroad A series of hideouts that helped runaway slaves escape to Canada
Created by: ShefyP