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Social Studies final
|English Bill of Rights
|Document written in 1689 that limited the power of the king.
|Treaty of Paris 1783
|It ended the Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States
|Written by Thomas Paine. It challenged the rights of British government and the monarchy
|an agreement to establish a two-house national legislature with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population in the other house.
|New Jersey Plan
|proposal for a legislature in which each state would have one vote
|House of Representatives
|The lower house of the US congress and other legislatures.
|Proclamation of 1763
|British declaration that forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachians. They realized it would be too expensive and difficult to protest English colonists that are out there.
|Incident in 1770 in which British troops fired on and killed American colonists
|Boston Tea Party
|Incident in 1773, when colonists protested British policies by boarding British ships and throwing their cargoes of tea overboard.
|Reasons for the French and Indian War
|The British wanted to move into the Ohio River Valley area. Both the France and British wanted to control the fur trade. Both sides arm Native Americans France builds forts to keep the British out.
|Funded by a group of investors. Investors share both profit and risks.
|proposal for a two-house legislature with representation according to each state's population or wealth.
|Second hand accounts. They are not written after an event has happened and use other people's accounts(not their own)
|Accounts of an event written by the person who witnessed or experienced it first hand
|a document that helped establish the practice of self government and majority rule was needed because Pilgrims landed outside original charter area
|a contract issued by a government giving a company certain rights.
|written in 1215, established that the king had to obey laws.
|United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women
|Main goal of freed slaves
|They made them equal and were counted as a person instead of 3/5ths,but they weren't able to vote.
|a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
|the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial revolution
|Impact of French and Indian War
|Britain was in debt because of the cost of the war; so Britain decided to raise taxes on the colonies
|a division of the United Kingdom
|No taxation without Representation
|The British was taxing the United States without anyone in Parliament
|Declaration of Independence
|the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
|the condition of being owned by another person and being made to work without wages
|the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government
|Lewis and Clark
|Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States new land and map a route to the Pacific.
|pioneer trail that began in Missouri and crossed the great plains into the Oregon country
|a formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries
|President Johnson's Plan
|States decide if blacks should be able to vote. All land returned to southerners who declared loyalty. Presidential pardons for large landowners and southern leaders.
|Nations that are ruled by their own separate governments
|settles the issue of counting slaves in population. 3/5th of the slaves will be counted for population and representation
|Preserve the Union
|Lincoln's primary goal in fighting the Civil War
|Life in Colonial America
|Rough, many didn't survive to adulthood because of poor diet and disease
|Articles of Confederation
|adopted November 15, 1777 formed a confederation of states
|the first permanent English settlement. The first Africans arrive to be used as slaves.
|Machine that produced a more efficient way to get the seeds out of cotton
|citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or precious condition of servitude
|belief that because the states created the United States, individual states have the power to nullify federal laws
|territory bought from France and the US gained control of the Mississippi trade route and doubled its size
|Results of American Revolution
|Spain gave up it's colonies in Latin America. New nations were created.
|Radical Republican's Plan
|harsh, wanted the military in control of the south, required a majority to take an oath of loyalty, state had to ratify the 13th amendment
|Called the Lost Colony. it was financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, and its leader in the New World was John White. all the settlers disappeared, and historians still don't know what became of them.
|South after the War
|economy, crashed, business and factories closed, railroads closed, stopped cotton growth
|townsman who would fight right when they were told during the Revolutionary War.
|the period after the Civil War when the southern states where reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
|place in South Caroline where the first shots were fired in toe Civil War
|we allied with them because they had weapons, people, and money
|Year of the Oregon Trail
|It normally took people six months to where they wanted to go. This lasted the mid 1800s to the early 1900s
|freed all slaves without compensation to the slave owners. Ti legally forbade slavery in the US
|US policy toward American Indians
|stated that we as Americans should stay out of the Indians way in travel. this was never accomplished
|Issued by Abraham Lincoln that declared all slaves states would be free
|speech given by Abraham Lincoln which captured the spirit of liberty and morality ideally held by citizens of the democracy
|an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food