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Social Studies final

QuestionAnswer
English Bill of Rights Document written in 1689 that limited the power of the king.
Treaty of Paris 1783 It ended the Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States
Common Sense Written by Thomas Paine. It challenged the rights of British government and the monarchy
Great Compromise an agreement to establish a two-house national legislature with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population in the other house.
New Jersey Plan proposal for a legislature in which each state would have one vote
House of Representatives The lower house of the US congress and other legislatures.
Proclamation of 1763 British declaration that forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachians. They realized it would be too expensive and difficult to protest English colonists that are out there.
Boston Massacre Incident in 1770 in which British troops fired on and killed American colonists
Boston Tea Party Incident in 1773, when colonists protested British policies by boarding British ships and throwing their cargoes of tea overboard.
Reasons for the French and Indian War The British wanted to move into the Ohio River Valley area. Both the France and British wanted to control the fur trade. Both sides arm Native Americans France builds forts to keep the British out.
Joint-Stock Company Funded by a group of investors. Investors share both profit and risks.
Virginia Plan proposal for a two-house legislature with representation according to each state's population or wealth.
Secondary Sources Second hand accounts. They are not written after an event has happened and use other people's accounts(not their own)
Primary Sources Accounts of an event written by the person who witnessed or experienced it first hand
Mayflower Compact a document that helped establish the practice of self government and majority rule was needed because Pilgrims landed outside original charter area
Charter a contract issued by a government giving a company certain rights.
Magna Carta written in 1215, established that the king had to obey laws.
Sojourner Truth United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women
Main goal of freed slaves They made them equal and were counted as a person instead of 3/5ths,but they weren't able to vote.
Isolationism a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
Industrial Revolution the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial revolution
Impact of French and Indian War Britain was in debt because of the cost of the war; so Britain decided to raise taxes on the colonies
England a division of the United Kingdom
No taxation without Representation The British was taxing the United States without anyone in Parliament
Declaration of Independence the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Slavery the condition of being owned by another person and being made to work without wages
United States the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government
Lewis and Clark Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States new land and map a route to the Pacific.
Oregon Trail pioneer trail that began in Missouri and crossed the great plains into the Oregon country
Treaty a formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries
President Johnson's Plan States decide if blacks should be able to vote. All land returned to southerners who declared loyalty. Presidential pardons for large landowners and southern leaders.
Sovereign nations Nations that are ruled by their own separate governments
3/5th Compromise settles the issue of counting slaves in population. 3/5th of the slaves will be counted for population and representation
Preserve the Union Lincoln's primary goal in fighting the Civil War
Life in Colonial America Rough, many didn't survive to adulthood because of poor diet and disease
Articles of Confederation adopted November 15, 1777 formed a confederation of states
Jamestown the first permanent English settlement. The first Africans arrive to be used as slaves.
Cotton Gin Machine that produced a more efficient way to get the seeds out of cotton
15th Amendment citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or precious condition of servitude
States Rights belief that because the states created the United States, individual states have the power to nullify federal laws
Louisiana Purchase territory bought from France and the US gained control of the Mississippi trade route and doubled its size
Results of American Revolution Spain gave up it's colonies in Latin America. New nations were created.
Radical Republican's Plan harsh, wanted the military in control of the south, required a majority to take an oath of loyalty, state had to ratify the 13th amendment
Roanoke Called the Lost Colony. it was financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, and its leader in the New World was John White. all the settlers disappeared, and historians still don't know what became of them.
South after the War economy, crashed, business and factories closed, railroads closed, stopped cotton growth
minuteman townsman who would fight right when they were told during the Revolutionary War.
Reconstruction the period after the Civil War when the southern states where reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
Ft. Sumter place in South Caroline where the first shots were fired in toe Civil War
France Alliance we allied with them because they had weapons, people, and money
Year of the Oregon Trail It normally took people six months to where they wanted to go. This lasted the mid 1800s to the early 1900s
13th Amendment freed all slaves without compensation to the slave owners. Ti legally forbade slavery in the US
US policy toward American Indians stated that we as Americans should stay out of the Indians way in travel. this was never accomplished
Emancipation Proclamation Issued by Abraham Lincoln that declared all slaves states would be free
Gettysburg Address speech given by Abraham Lincoln which captured the spirit of liberty and morality ideally held by citizens of the democracy
Cholera an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
Created by: 100000143804977
 

 



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